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Naval History

Today in U.S. Naval History: February 13

Arlington, Va. Radio Masts for the Navys wireless station (Harris & Ewing glass negative)

Today in U.S. Naval History - February 13 1854 - Admiral Perry anchors off Yokosuka, Japan to receive Emperor's reply to treaty proposal 1913 - Naval Radio Station, Arlington, Va. begins operations 1945 - First naval units enter Manila Bay since 1942 1968 - Operation Coronado XI begins in Mekong Delta For more information about naval history, visit the Naval History and Heritage Command website at history.navy.mil.


Today in U.S. Naval History: June 17

Today in U.S. Naval History - June 17 1833 - USS Delaware enters drydock at Gosport Navy Yard in Norfolk, Va., the first warship to enter a public drydock in the United States 1870 - USS Mohican burns Mexican pirate ship Forward 1898 - Navy Hospital Corps established 1940 - Chief of Naval Operations asks Congress for money to build two-ocean Navy For more information about naval history, visit the Naval History and Heritage Command website at history.navy.mil


Today in U.S. Naval History: June 19

USS Kearsarge vs. CSS Alabama. Painting by Xanthus Smith, 1922, depicting Alabama sinking, at left, after her fight with the Kearsarge (seen at right). (Courtesy of the Franklin D. Roosevelt Library, Hyde Park, New York. Official U.S. Navy Photograph.)

Today in U.S. Naval History - June 19 1864 - USS Kearsarge sinks Confederate raider Alabama off France 1944 - Battle of the Philippine Sea begins ("The Marianas Turkey Shoot") 1948 - Chief of Naval Operations assigns three destroyers to U.N. mediator for the Palestine truce. For more information about naval history, visit the Naval History and Heritage Command website at history.navy.mil.


Today in U.S. Naval History: August 14

Today in U.S. Naval History - August 14 1813 - HMS Pelican captures USS Argus 1886 - SECNAV establishes Naval Gun Factory at Washington Navy Yard 1945 - Japan agrees to surrender; last Japanese ships sunk during World War II (August 15 in DC) For more information about naval history, visit the Naval History and Heritage Command website at history.navy.mil.


Today in U.S. Naval History: September 25

Today in U.S. Naval History - September 25 1941 - In first successful U.S. Navy escort of convoys during World War II, Navy escort turn over HX-150 to British escorts at the Mid-Ocean Meeting Point. All ships reach port safely. 1957 - In project Stratoscope, Office of Naval Research obtains sharp photographs of sun's corona from first balloon-borne telescope camera. For more information about naval history, visit the Naval History and Heritage Command website at history.navy.mil


Today in U.S. Naval History: February 19

Painting from the U.S. Library of Congress of the frigate USS Constitution

Today in U.S. Naval History - February 19 1814 - USS Constitution captures British brig Catherine 1945 - Marines with naval gunfire support land on Iwo Jima; island secured March.16 For more information about naval history, visit the Naval History and Heritage Command website at history.navy.mil.


Today in U.S. Naval History: October 14

Today in U.S. Naval History - October 14 1918 - Naval Aviators of Marine Day Squadron 9 make first raid-in-force for the Northern Bombing Group in World War I when they bombed German railroad at Thielt Rivy, Belgium. For more information about naval history, visit the Naval History and Heritage Command website at history.


Today in U.S. Naval History: July 10

USS Houston (CA-30) with President Franklin D. Roosevelt on board. She is flying an admirals four-star flag at her foremast peak, and the Presidential flag at her mainmast peak. (U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph)

Today in U.S. Naval History - July 10 1934 - USS Houston takes Franklin Delano Roosevelt on first visit of U.S. President to South America. 1943 - Naval gunfire help Allied troops land on Sicily. It was first extensive use of LST's and smaller landing craft to deliver heavy equipment over the beach. 1945 - 14 carriers from Third Fleet carriers begin air strikes on Japanese Home Islands which end August 15.


Today in U.S. Naval History: January 9

Steamship Star of the West, with reinforcements for Major Anderson, approaching Fort Sumter (Image courtesy United States Library of Congress)

Today in U.S. Naval History - January 9 1861 - Union steamer Star of the West fired on in Charleston Harbor 1918 - Establishment of Naval Overseas Transportation Service to carry cargo during WWI 1945 - Carrier aircraft begin two-day attack on Japanese forces, Luzon, Philippines For more information about naval history, visit the Naval History and Heritage Command website at history.navy.mil.


Today in U.S. Naval History: January 31

Samuel L. Gravely, Jr. (U.S. NHHC Photograph.)

Today in U.S. Naval History - January 31 1944 - American amphibious landing on Kwajalein, Marshall Islands 1961 - Lieutenant Commander Samuel Lee Gravely, Jr. becomes first African-American to command a combat ship, USS Falgout 1981 - Era of Enlisted Naval Aviators ends when last pilot retired For more information about naval history, visit the Naval History and Heritage Command website at history.navy.mil


This Day In Naval History: August 25

1864 - CSS Tallahassee, commanded by Cmdr. John Taylor Wood, returns to Wilmington, N.C. to refuel on coal. During her more than two week raid, CSS Tallahassee destroys 26 vessels and captures seven others.   1927 - USS Los Angeles (ZR 3) rises to a near-vertical position due to the sudden


This Day In Naval History: August 18

USS Annapolis (AGMR-1) (U.S. Navy photo)

1838 - The Exploring Expedition led by Lt. Charles Wilkes embarks on a world cruise. 1908 - The first Navy Nurse Corps superintendent, Esther Voorhees Hasson, is appointed. Under her leadership, 19 additional nurses are recruited and trained for naval service during 1908.


This Day In Naval History: August 17

Cover of the commissioning program for USS McCampbell (DDG 85)

1812 - The frigate, USS President, captures British schooner, HMS L'Adeline, in the North Atlantic.   1841 - Secretary of the Navy George E. Badger signs that the Chief Clerk's signature is valid on the certified copy of the medal citation awarded to Capt


This Day In Naval History: August 10

1812 - The frigate USS Constitution captures and burns the brig, HMS Lady Warren, off Cape Race, off Labrador, Canada.   1831 - The U.S. flag gains the nickname of Old Glory from William Driver, master of the brig USS Charles Daggert.  


This Day In Naval History: August 1

Pope Pius IX (Photo: public domain)

1801 - The schooner, USS Enterprise, commanded by Lt. Andrew Sterett, encounters the Barbary corsair, Tripoli, west of Malta. After a three-hour battle, USS Enterprise broadsides the vessel, forcing Tripolis surrender.   1849 - Pope Pius IX and King Ferdinand of the Two Sicilies


This Day In Naval History: July 27

Guests arrive for the commissioning of the nuclear-powered attack submarine Providence (SSN-719) on July 27, 1985. (U.S. Navy photo by Joan Zopf, from the Department of Defense Still Media Collection)

1776 - During the American Revolution, the Continental brig, Reprisal, commanded by Capt. Lambert Wickes, transports the newly appointed commercial and naval agent, William Bingham, to Martinique. While en route, the British sloop-of-war, HMS Shark, approaches the brig at the entrance to St


New Details Emerge on Loss of USS Indianapolis

USS Indianapolis (CA 35) on July 27, 1945 heading for sea from Apra Harbor, Guam.  This is likely the last photo taken of the ship. (U.S. Navy Photo by Gus Buono, from the Collection of David Buell)

A Naval History and Heritage Command (NHHC) historian has recently uncovered information that sheds new light on the loss of the World War II cruiser USS Indianapolis (CA 35).   In the final days of the war, Indianapolis completed a top secret mission to deliver components of the atomic


This Day In Naval History: July 25

Ships Sponsor, Naunita Harmon Carroll, and her party at the Fore River Shipyard during the USS Harmon (DE 678) launching ceremonies in Quincy, Mass. on July 25, 1943. (U.S. Navy photo from the Naval History and Heritage Command)

1898 - During the Spanish-American War, a landing party from the armed yacht, USS Gloucester, single-handedly captures Guanica, Puerto Rico. 1943 - The first Navy ship named for an African-American, USS Harmon (DE 678), is launched. USS Harmon is named in honor of Mess Attendant 1st Class


This Day In Naval History: July 14

1813 - During the War of 1812, Lt. John M. Gamble becomes the first Marine to command a ship in battle, USS Greenwich, when she captures British whaling ship Seringapatam.    1853 - Commodore Matthew C. Perry lands and holds the first meeting with the Japanese at Uraga


This Day In Naval History: July 12

U.S. Navy fighter aircraft perform a flyover at the conclusion of the commissioning ceremony of the aircraft carrier USS Ronald Reagan (CVN-76). (U.S. Navy photo by Rusty Black)

1836 - Charles H. Haswell is commissioned as the first regularly appointed Engineer Officer. In Oct. 1844, he is promoted to Engineer in Chief of the Navy.    1916 - The AB-3 flying boat, piloted by Lt. Godfrey de Chevalier, is catapulted from USS North Carolina (ACR 12) while underway


This Day In Naval History: July 11

(Official U.S. Navy photo by Joan M. Zopf, from the Department of Defense Still Media Collection)

1798 - President John Adams signs an act that reestablishes the Marine Corps under the Constitution. The following day, Maj. William W. Burrows is appointed Commandant of the Marine Corps.   1918 - Henry Ford launches the first of the 100 intended Eagle boats


National Museum of the American Sailor Unveiled

The National Museum of the American Sailor name change signals a shift in vision from a regional focus to one that depicts the diverse history of Sailors who have served in the U.S. Navy. (U.S. Navy photo)

The Great Lakes Naval Museum was officially renamed the National Museum of the American Sailor during a ceremony and sign unveiling at the museum July 4. The Navy's top enlisted Sailor, Master Chief Petty Officer of the Navy (AW/NAC) Mike Stevens, was joined by retired Rear Adm


This Day In Naval History: July 1

Rear Adm. Samuel L. Gravely Jr. (U.S. Navy photo)

1801 - Commodore Richard Dale's squadron arrives at Gibraltar for the protection of American interests and to strike at the Barbary Pirates in the Mediterranean. Squadron ships were USS President, USS Philadelphia, USS Essex, and USS Enterprise.


This Day In Naval History: June 29

1860 - The steamer USS Mystic, commanded by William E. LeRoy, captures the slaver, Thomas Achorn at Kabenda, Africa and send her to New York.    1862 - During the Civil War, the steam sloop USS Susquehanna, commanded by Cmdr. R.B


This Day In Naval History: June 27

1861 - While commanding a gunboat flotilla, Cmdr. James Harmon Ward is mortally wounded by a musket ball while aiming the bow gun of his flagship, USS Thomas Freeborn at Mathias Point, Va. Ward is the first US Naval officer casualty of the Civil War.   






 
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