From the Navy News Service
1776 - American colonies declare their independence from Great Britain.
1777 - John Paul Jones hoists
first Stars and Stripes flag on Ranger at Portsmouth, N.H.
1801 - First Presidential Review of U.S. Marine Band and Marines at the White House.
1831 - U.S. concludes indemnity treaty with France.
1842 - First test of electrically operated underwater torpedo sinks gunboat Boxer.
1863 - Confederates surrender of Vicksburg, Miss., gives Union control of Mississippi River.