1812 - Frigate Essex captures British brig Leander.
1912 - First airborne radio communications from naval aircraft
to ship (Lt. John Rodgers to USS Stringham).
1942 - Capt. Joy Bright Hancock appointed director, Women's Naval Reserve
1948 - President Harry S. Truman orders desegregation of the Armed Services
1954 - Three aircraft from USS Philippine Sea (CVA 47) shoot down two Chinese fighters that fired on them while they were providing air cover for rescue operations for a U.K. airliner shot down by a Chinese aircraft.