In an ongoing effort to increase efficiency, cut costs
and better distribute resources, the U.S. Navy transferred USS Arctic a fast combat support ship
, to the operational control of Military Sealift Command. Arctic went from a Sailor-crewed combatant ship to a civilian-crewed, noncombatant ship during a ceremony held June
14, in Earle, N.J.
The ship, now known as USNS Arctic to designate its new status as part of the Navy’s Military Sealift Command, will join more than 30 other civilian-crewed MSC ships that provide at-sea logistic support to the Navy fleet
Arctic is the second fast combat support ship to transfer from USS to USNS status. Supply was the first to make the change last July. This class of ship provides fuel, ammunition and food to ships underway.
Arctic, like all ships in its class, is 754 ft. and has a beam of 107 ft. With a top speed of 25 knots, it is ideal for fast resupply at sea.
Two more ships, USS Rainier and USS Bridge, are scheduled to be reassigned to MSC’s control in the next two years. When they are, the Navy will realize an estimated annual savings of $75 million in operating costs.
Arctic, which as a Navy ship was crewed by a complement of 544 Sailors, will now have a civilian crew of 176 mariners. By cutting the crew in half, operating costs are lowered dramatically. Those mariners will be accompanied by a small military department of 28 sailors for communication support and supply coordination. An additional 31 sailors will be aboard to support helicopter operations.
Crewing the ship with civilian mariners allows more uniformed sailors to be reassigned to critical billets aboard combatant ships in the Navy’s fleet doing the war-fighting jobs they joined the Navy to perform. Civilian mariners aboard the Arctic are able to spend more days at sea as they are not limited by deployment cycle policies that pertain to their uniformed counterparts. Therefore, Arctic, like her sister ships, will be able to spend more days at sea each year, increasing the ship’s service to the fleet. The ceremony to transfer Arctic included a formal decommissioning as a USS ship
and naming as a USNS ship. Both outgoing commanding officer of USS Arctic, Capt. Garry R. White, USN, and incoming civilian master of USNS Arctic, Capt. Ed Nanartowich, participated in the ceremony.