Profile: Benjamin Vickers: 175 Years & Counting

Thursday, November 13, 2003

One wonders if, when Benjamin Randall Vickers went into business in 1828 as an agent selling oils and soaps, he had the prescience to see the ever growing need for specialized lubricants as the Industrial Revolution gathered pace. He didn't have an easy ride. But he did have the guts, acumen and integrity to build on his successes and overcome his setbacks. The business he handed down to his sons, and sons of sons, is today a highly focused organization with a respected range of marine lubricants widely used in sterntubes and thrusters, and an equally impressive range of specialized lubricants for the textile industry.

As early as 1887, before sail had finally given way to steam, Vickers realized that mineral oils significantly outperformed vegetable oils for the lubrication of engines. Following studies of hot bearings on the main engines of ships in the Red Sea and Suez Canal, the company introduced its 'Non-Corrosive Engine Oil', forerunner of the 'Neox' brand that lives on today.

The founder's son, Benjamin Threlfall Vickers, was aboard the Goole & Hull Towing Company's Tug No 10 when the company's policy of 'walking the shop floor' next paid dividends. The tug used 'Neox' but, before Benjamin's eyes, the skipper did something very odd: he poured a quantity of the oil into the 'tail shaft' or, as we know it today, the sterntube. As every shipowner and marine engineer knows to this day, it is one thing to put lubricant into a sterntube and quite another to keep it there. The first move Vickers made, therefore, was to design the Stern Tube Gland, forerunner of today's sterntube seals. In 1901 the T.S.S. 'Ibex' was the first vessel commissioned with the gland installed and the birthright of today's 'Hydrox' specialized lubricants was in the making.

Although Vickers were principally involved in developing and blending specialized lubricants, the Stern Tube Gland continued to form part of their business for over half a century. Some vessels were poorly constructed and were running through bearings in the propulsion system faster than they could be replaced.

A modified version of the Vickers Stern Tube Gland was designed and installed and, combined with the appropriate Vickers lubricant, solved the problem and enabled the vessels to remain in service between scheduled maintenance intervals.

In that fundamental sense, nothing has changed today, though the lubricants are far more refined and Vickers have left the business of making sterntube seals.

Another significant step was devising a lubricant that would be compatible with rubber materials used in modern 'lip' seals, while continuing to be effective if water ingress occurred in the sterntube, and the formulation of Hydrox 550 was a defining moment.

Hydrox 550 forms a stable emulsion with water, even at a rate of ingress up to 20%. Vessels can continue to operate if sterntube leakage occurs, without damage to the shaft, seals and bearings that may well result from the use of a conventional engine oil.

A further refinement, Hydrox 21, significantly reduces leakage, reportedly by at least 70%, even in the event of quite serious damage to the sterntube seals, again permitting vessels to remain in revenue operation until the next scheduled maintenance stop. Many ships carry a stock of Hydrox 21 on board in case such leakage occurs.

Most recently, Hydrox Bio 68 provides an environmentally friendly, biodegradable sterntube lubricant that is innocuous to marine life but offers the same performance advantages as Hydrox 550 in case of water ingress.

If, back in 1828, Benjamin Randall Vickers felt that he had identified a significant growth market, he could hardly have imagined that, 175 years later, the company would have developed such a significant worldwide market. Still less could he have imagined that the business would remain under the safe, unbroken stewardship of his direct descendants, but that is the case.

Maritime Reporter September 2014 Digital Edition
FREE Maritime Reporter Subscription
Latest Maritime News    rss feeds

People & Company News

VT Halter Begins Building LNG-powered ConRo Ships for Crowley

VT Halter Marine, Inc., a subsidiary of Vision Technologies Systems, Inc. (VT Systems), has commenced construction on the first of two liquefied natural gas (LNG)-powered,

NYK Line Joins PNW West Coast Metro Pool

Effective October 20, 2014, NYK Line has become a member of the PNW West Coast Metro Pool (WCMP) operated by Trac Intermodal. The WCMP operates chassis at all major marine terminals,

ISS Manages Heavy-lift Project at Port of Mombasa

Inchcape Shipping Services (ISS) announced it has completed another complex heavy-lift project in Africa, this time at the Port of Mombasa in Kenya. ISS was

Finance

Gulf Craft to Invest $100m in Dubai Shipyard

Company plans to invest $100 million over the next five years in the development of a new shipyard in Dubai Maritime City to build a global luxury yachts manufacturing

Pentair Reports 3Q 2014 Sales of $1.8 bi

Pentair plc today announced third quarter 2014 sales of $1.8 billion. Sales were up 3 percent compared to sales for the same period last year. Third quarter 2014

FortisBC Starts Expansion of Tilbury LNG Facility

FortisBC – a subsidiary of Fortis Inc. has officially started construction of its $400 million Tilbury LNG Facility expansion project today. The company is adding 1.

 
 
Maritime Security Naval Architecture Navigation Pipelines Port Authority Ship Electronics Ship Repair Ship Simulators Shipbuilding / Vessel Construction Winch
rss | archive | history | articles | privacy | terms and conditions | contributors | top maritime news | about us | copyright | maritime magazines
maritime security news | shipbuilding news | maritime industry | shipping news | maritime reporting | workboats news | ship design | maritime business

Time taken: 0.3850 sec (3 req/sec)