The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) issued a report entitled “Container Security
: Major Initiatives and Related International Developments.” The report analyzes the various maritime security initiatives that impact intermodal containers, including C-TPAT, CSI
, the 24-Hour Rule, and the ISPS Code
. The report concludes that, while these and other measures have enhanced security, unresolved issues include: costs and expenses; delays and disruptions; difficulty in implementation of diverse and detailed requirements; and competitive imbalances and marginalization.
Source: HK Law