Original 1971 Oil Pollution Compensation Fund Closes

MarineLink.com
Wednesday, November 06, 2013
Photo: Danish Maritime Authority

Several years ago, the 1971 Fund was replaced by the two subsequent Funds that pay higher compensations to the victims of oil pollution.

It was an international innovation when a global, solidary scheme on compensation for the victims of oil pollution caused by tankers was established with the 1971 Fund. It has proven to be such a great success that the system has been improved twice, and the model has been copied for other types of pollution from ships.

The 1971 Fund has been replaced by the 1992 Fund and the Supplementary Fund, allowing for greater compensation amounts and considering all new pollution incidents. Denmark was one of the first countries to accede to the higher compensation limits and, therefore, leaving the 1971 Fund 15 years ago.

Most countries agreed that now it was about time to wound up the 1971 Fund. Many of the original founders of the Fund, including the largest contributors, had also left the Fund. A few business affairs still need to be finalized. These cases have typically not been finalized because of disagreement between the Fund and the victims about the claims forwarded. Therefore, a winding up cannot be made without any legal and practical challenges. Efforts are being made to solve these before the IOPC General Assembly to be held in October 2014, when the final decision on the winding up is expected to be made.

At the meeting, the current compensation cases were also discussed. There was special interest in a judgment from the Venezuelan high court that the shipowner in a specific case (Nissos Amorgos) cannot limit his liability. The member States (except Venezuela) agreed that the decision was not in accordance with the international IOPC regulations. The consequence is that the shipowner's P&I insurance company must wrongfully pay the Venezuelan state $60 million as compensation for a claim that the Fund has already rejected to pay. At the meeting, it was debated whether the IOPC Fund is obliged to compensate the insurance company for this amount on the basis of the practice established between the Fund and the P&I insurance companies on the payment of compensation. A majority were of the view that this is not the case since the judgment is solely addressed to the P&I insurance company and not to the IOPC. Consequently, it was decided not to compensate the P&I insurance company. A few member States, including Denmark, found that the issue should be analyzed in more detail before making a decision. The P&I clubs, which disagreed strongly with the decision, will consider the situation.

A special consultative group chaired by Denmark met in connection with the IOPC meeting to consider more principle issues related to which types of ships are covered by the IOPC Fund system and how the victims of pollution can thus be covered for any oil damages suffered. The deliberations of the consultative group are to assist the working group established by the IOPC to solve the problem.

The next IOPC Fund meeting is to be held in May 2014.

dma.dk
 

Maritime Reporter August 2014 Digital Edition
FREE Maritime Reporter Subscription
Latest Maritime News    rss feeds

Legal

Chariot Oil & Gas 1H 2014 Interim Results

Chariot Oil & Gas Announce Interim Results for 1H 2014 Chariot Oil & Gas Limited, the Atlantic margins focused oil and gas exploration company, today announces

Inchcape Shipping Celebrates 25th Anniversary of ISS Greece

Inchcape Shipping Services (ISS), the world’s leading maritime services provider, has this month celebrated the 25th anniversary of its operations in Greece

Australia, New Zealand Navies Intercepts Drugs off Africa

A combined Australian and New Zealand operation 260 km off the coast of Africa has seized more than 5.6 metric tons of cannabis resin worth an estimated $280 million (AUD).

Tanker Trends

Navios Charters Out Newbuild MR2 Product Tanker

Navios Maritime Acquisition Corporation (Navios Acquisition), an owner and operator of tanker vessels, announced that the Nave Luminosity, a newbuilding MR2 product tanker of 49,

Ingram Barge Order 20 Tank Barges for 2015

Ingram Barge Company say they will be building 20 tank barges in 2015 to meet growing demand for chemical shipments. While most of the company’s recent tank barges have come through acquisitions,

Finland Grants Support to Three Small LNG Terminals

The Finnish government granted 65.2 million euros (84.22 million US dollar) in subsidies to build three small liquefied natural gas (LNG) terminals to cut on use

Finance

Chariot Oil & Gas 1H 2014 Interim Results

Chariot Oil & Gas Announce Interim Results for 1H 2014 Chariot Oil & Gas Limited, the Atlantic margins focused oil and gas exploration company, today announces

Sir Frank Chapman Appointed Golar's Chairman

Golar LNG Limited announced that with effect from September 19, 2014, Sir Frank Joseph Chapman has been appointed to the Board of Directors of the Company and will act as the Company's Chairman.

TOTE, Saltchuk Secure Financing for Marlin Class Vessels

Maritime Administration to Provide Title XI Loan Guarantee for World’s First LNG Containerships Today, the U.S. Maritime Administration (MARAD) announced a $324.

Environmental

TOTE, Saltchuk Secure Financing for Marlin Class Vessels

Maritime Administration to Provide Title XI Loan Guarantee for World’s First LNG Containerships Today, the U.S. Maritime Administration (MARAD) announced a $324.

Maersk CEO Appointed to UN Advisory

Morten Engelstoft, CEO of Services and Other Shipping, said CO2 issues will be on his agenda as a newly appointed member of a UN High-level Advisory Group for Sustainable Transport.

San Francisco Bay Fuel Spill Under Investigation

The U.S. Coast Guard and California Department of Fish and Wildlife personnel continue to respond to a fuel spill that occurred near Pier 45 at Fishman's Wharf in the San Francisco Bay Saturday.

Energy

Chariot Oil & Gas 1H 2014 Interim Results

Chariot Oil & Gas Announce Interim Results for 1H 2014 Chariot Oil & Gas Limited, the Atlantic margins focused oil and gas exploration company, today announces

Salamander to Start Drilling in G4/50, Gulf of Thailand

Salamander announces that its Environmental Impact Assessment (“EIA”) for exploration drilling in the G4/50 licence, Greater Bualuang area, Gulf of Thailand, has been granted conditional approval.

Inchcape Shipping Celebrates 25th Anniversary of ISS Greece

Inchcape Shipping Services (ISS), the world’s leading maritime services provider, has this month celebrated the 25th anniversary of its operations in Greece

News

Chariot Oil & Gas 1H 2014 Interim Results

Chariot Oil & Gas Announce Interim Results for 1H 2014 Chariot Oil & Gas Limited, the Atlantic margins focused oil and gas exploration company, today announces

Salamander to Start Drilling in G4/50, Gulf of Thailand

Salamander announces that its Environmental Impact Assessment (“EIA”) for exploration drilling in the G4/50 licence, Greater Bualuang area, Gulf of Thailand, has been granted conditional approval.

Inchcape Shipping Celebrates 25th Anniversary of ISS Greece

Inchcape Shipping Services (ISS), the world’s leading maritime services provider, has this month celebrated the 25th anniversary of its operations in Greece

Offshore Energy

Transocean's Chairman Designate 2015 Named

Transocean Ltd. informs that at its recent Extraordinary General Meeting Merrill A. "Pete" Miller, Jr. was nominated as a director and the Board intends to designate him as vice-chairman,

Chariot Oil & Gas 1H 2014 Interim Results

Chariot Oil & Gas Announce Interim Results for 1H 2014 Chariot Oil & Gas Limited, the Atlantic margins focused oil and gas exploration company, today announces

Salamander to Start Drilling in G4/50, Gulf of Thailand

Salamander announces that its Environmental Impact Assessment (“EIA”) for exploration drilling in the G4/50 licence, Greater Bualuang area, Gulf of Thailand, has been granted conditional approval.

 
 
Maritime Careers / Shipboard Positions Maritime Contracts Maritime Security Naval Architecture Offshore Oil Pipelines Pod Propulsion Port Authority Sonar Winch
rss | archive | history | articles | privacy | terms and conditions | contributors | top maritime news | about us | copyright | maritime magazines
maritime security news | shipbuilding news | maritime industry | shipping news | maritime reporting | workboats news | ship design | maritime business

Time taken: 0.2100 sec (5 req/sec)