Europe’s Largest Tsunami Simulator Under Construction

MarineTechnologyNews.com
Thursday, April 24, 2014
Holiday residences in Thailand damaged by the Indian Ocean Tsunami 2004 (Image courtesy of Tiziana Rossetto)

UCL and HR Wallingford, the specialist hydraulic research and consultancy, are collaborating to construct the largest tsunami simulator in Europe, to better understand the impact of these devastating natural phenomena on buildings and coastal defenses.

The facility, which is being funded by a €1.9 million European Research Council (ERC) Starting Grant “URBAN WAVES”, will be 70 m long and 4 m wide, enabling – for the first time – the simulation of a tsunami impact on urban areas, through modeling in detail the effects that tsunamis have on coast defenses, and how water is channeled around clusters of buildings.

The new tsunami generator will also be used to evaluate whether flood and coastal defenses are effective against tsunamis, or might amplify their destructiveness through allowing flood waters to build up in front of defenses and then when they fail suddenly inundate areas behind, causing more devastation to areas previously thought to be safe.

The new generator works to produce a simulated tsunami using a pneumatic system adapted from methods to make model tides in hydraulic models, and similar to that used for some large leisure or surfing pools.

These much longer waves act very differently to conventional storm waves in both the natural world and the laboratory, where they are simulated using piston motion wave machines. The new facility will improve and extend the world-leading technique where both crest-led and trough-led tsunamis can be generated in a laboratory setting.

It is intended that the research, once completed, will enable the team to produce engineering guidance which can aid in disaster management worldwide.

Professor Tiziana Rossetto, Professor of Earthquake Engineering at UCL who is leading the research, said: “Tsunamis can be exceptionally destructive when they hit buildings, yet we really don’t know a great deal about how the massive horizontal forces they generate act on buildings to cause damage.

“The challenge has been to build a testing facility where we can accurately model these forces on a variety of physical structures, as well as how the forces change or are magnified by the way buildings are clustered together in coastal towns and cities.

“Our research at the facility will have far-reaching implications for both building and urban design in areas at risk of tsunamis, and could help mitigate some of the most devastating risks of the phenomena to both human lives and the land they depend on.”

William Allsop, Technical Director of Maritime Structures at HR Wallingford, who is co-supervising the development of the facility and subsequent research, added: “At HR Wallingford, we are very pleased to work with the strong international researchers at UCL.

“This new project builds on earlier research with Professors Rossetto and Eames.  In our initial work, we will model the new facility using advanced Computational Fluid Dynamics tools developed at Wallingford, thus ensuring that the new facility has the widest possible capabilities in modelling tsunami.”

ucl.ac.uk

hrwallingford.com
 

Maritime Today


The Maritime Industry's original and most viewed E-News Service

Maritime Reporter January 2016 Digital Edition
FREE Maritime Reporter Subscription
Latest Maritime News    rss feeds

Technology

Novoship to Install Ecochlor BWTS on 4 Tankers

SCF Novoship Technical Management has selected the Ecochlor Ballast Water Treatment System (BWTS) to be retrofitted on three Aframax Oil Tankers and one Product Carrier.

DCNS Deploys 3DEXPERIENCE Solution

Dassault Systèmes and DCNS partner on the 3DEXPERIENCE innovation platform for next generation naval defense solutions   Multi-disciplinary, Collaborative Innovation

Hapag-Lloyd Sees Uptick of Incorrectly Declared Dangerous Goods

Year-on-year increase of 65 percent; more than 4,300 cases worldwide   Container shipper Hapag-Lloyd said it registered considerably more incorrectly declared dangerous goods last year,

Environmental

SevenCs Supports MariGreen Project

SevenCs is part of the EU INTERREG V A cross-border project “MariGreen” to support the maritime industry in the transition towards more efficient, greener and more sustainable shipping.

LNG Bulker Cements Thordon's Green Future

Sea trials aboard Greenland, the world’s first LNG-fuelled short-sea dry bulk vessel, have validated the performance of Thordon Bearings COMPAC propeller shaft solution,

New Offshore Vessel to be Fitted with Cathelco BWTS

Cathelco is supplying a ballast water treatment (BWT) system for a new offshore vessel built by Eastern Shipbuilding Group Inc., for Harvey Gulf International Marine, LLC.

News

Furuno Establishes China Subsidiary

FURUNO ELECTRIC CO., LTD. announced that its new subsidiary in Hong Kong has been established and has commenced business operation on February 1, 2016.   The new subsidiary, FURUNO CHINA CO.

Novoship to Install Ecochlor BWTS on 4 Tankers

SCF Novoship Technical Management has selected the Ecochlor Ballast Water Treatment System (BWTS) to be retrofitted on three Aframax Oil Tankers and one Product Carrier.

Edison Chouest Opening Mississippi Shipyard

Edison Chouest Offshore locating shipbuilding operations, TopShip, LLC, in Gulfport, Miss.   Gov. Phil Bryant and officials from Edison Chouest Offshore, an offshore

Marine Science

European Consortium Launches Blue Nodules Project

On 1 February a European consortium launched a new Horizon 2020 project: Blue Nodules. This project addresses the challenge of creating a viable and sustainable

Shipping Traffic Noise Severely Affects Whale Populations

Underwater sound pollution disrupts the communication methods of killer whales and could harm their ability to locate salmon, researchers have found.   Increasing

Videotel, Safebridge JV for Onboard ECDIS Certification

Videotel, a provider of e-Learning maritime training solutions and a company of KVH Industries, has joined forces with online maritime training business Safebridge GmbH,

Ocean Observation

Shipping Industry Clean Up its Act

Shipping impacts the world in many positive ways by enabling trade around the world, But despite all the positive impacts, you also have negative impacts, especially environmental impacts,

First Women's Expedition to the Arctic

Company "MyArctic-expeditions" organize the first women's expedition to the Arctic Ocean. The expedition will start on March 5 in the capital of the Nenets Autonomous

MOL Enhances CSW Service between Asia and East Coast South America

Mitsui O.S.K. Lines (MOL, President & CEO: Junichiro Ikeda) today announced the enhancement of its Asia and East Coast South America trade by merging existing

 
 
Maritime Careers / Shipboard Positions Maritime Security Navigation Offshore Oil Pipelines Salvage Ship Electronics Ship Repair Ship Simulators Winch
rss | archive | history | articles | privacy | contributors | top maritime news | about us | copyright | maritime magazines
maritime security news | shipbuilding news | maritime industry | shipping news | maritime reporting | workboats news | ship design | maritime business

Time taken: 0.0936 sec (11 req/sec)