Container Business Faces Test of Resolve

Press Release
Tuesday, April 03, 2012

London - Drewry’s latest quarterly Container Forecaster report highlights that, while carriers have successfully implemented a series of GRIs recently which will improve their battered financial position, there are still a number of threats which could derail this and that healthy industry profitability is by no means guaranteed.

The perception might be that the industry has turned a corner and the extremely low freight rates seen on the Asia-North Europe trade at the end of last year are now behind us. We concur with this general view to an extent, and we forecast that east-west freight rates, including fuel, will rise by as much 13.7 percent this year. But we should not be lulled into a false sense of security by the considerably higher spot rates revealed in the weekly rate indices and think that all is now fixed.

From an industry perspective, it is clear that higher rates enabling ocean carriers to cover their rising costs and turn a profit is a far healthier position. But there are still a number of factors which threaten this. Demand is by no means certain, and we have downgraded our 2012 global forecast to 4.6 percent, largely on the basis of a weak Eurozone, crippled by debt.

Ocean carriers have successfully implemented GRIs on both the head haul Asia to Europe and Asia to U.S. trades this March, which have lifted spot rates above or at least close to the respective trade route break even margins. But until very recently, even the largest 15,500 teu vessels operating on the Asia-North Europe trade were not making money.

The revised assessment within the Container Forecaster is that the industry lost at least $6.5 billion in 2011, in a year which saw global demand growth of 7.4 percent. This was very much a missed opportunity for carriers to build on their surprisingly strong recovery in 2010. This year will mean they will take some time to make up for this lost ground, rather than moving forward, and we still expect 1Q12 carrier financial results to be weak, although their position will improve as the year progresses.

Recent losses and the high fuel prices have forced the industry into a restructuring, which was started at the end of last year. Many carriers have now grouped together on the core Asia-Europe trade to pool their largest ships into fewer services and to share costs. This was unlikely to have happened several years ago.

Nobody saw the huge $800 per teu rate increases coming on the Asia-Europe trade, and the timing of this bemused virtually everyone. Few believed it would be successful. But carriers have stood firm during a period when load factors have not necessarily been in the high 90’s on the head haul leg. It seems that their recovery into profit is very much dependent on this resolve to maintain the GRIs and little else since they resolutely refuse to put significant tonnage into lay-up. This year will see another 59 ships of at least 10,000 teu enter the global fleet.

“Until the inherent structural capacity is truly tackled, we will continue to have periodic and violent bouts of overcapacity, which will keep rates and operating margins yo-yoing up and down,” said Neil Dekker, head of Drewry’s container research.

“It seems evident that carriers do not truly see the severity of their situation, since the number of ships in actual full term lay-up is fairly small. As of early March, the idle or inactive fleet had grown to around 5.4 percent of total global capacity. But only 47 vessels above 5,000 teu were included in this figure and a number of these are being re-deployed on new services.”

 

Maritime Reporter August 2015 Digital Edition
FREE Maritime Reporter Subscription
Latest Maritime News    rss feeds

People & Company News

Rotterdam to Build New Indonesian Port

The Port of Rotterdam Authority has signed a partnership agreement with the Indonesian Port Corporation Pelindo I for the development of a new deep sea port at Kuala Tanjung near to Medan in Sumatra,

Alaska Marine Lines Reduces Fuel Surcharge

Alaska Marine Lines, a marine transportation company providing barge service to and from Alaska and Hawaii, informs it has filed with the U.S. Surface Transportation

SSI to Showcase Marine Information Model

SSI's CAD/CAM ShipConstructor software utilizes a Marine Information Model (MIM) to store a wealth of data that can be leveraged for maintenance, repair and lifecycle support.

Container Ships

TOTE’s 2nd LNG Containership Launched

Shipping company TOTE and shipbuilder NASSCO on Saturday launched Perla del Caribe, the second of two Marlin Class ships – the first containerships in the world to be powered by natural gas.

Asia-N.Europe Box Rates Jump 26 pct

Shipping freight rates for transporting containers from ports in Asia to Northern Europe jumped by 26 percent to $591 per 20-foot container (TEU) in the week ended on Friday,

CMA CGM-led Consortium Win Box Terminal Bid

The consortium formed by CMA CGM, Bolloré and CHEC won the bid process initiated by the Cameroonian government Following the bidding procedure initiated by the Cameroonian government,

News

China Merchants Profit up 29pct

While China’s ports continue to face growth pressure, the country’s largest port operator is reaping the rewards of years of investments in overseas projects.   China

Swire Upgrades Asia-Pac Coverage

Singapore-based liner trade division of The China Navigation Company (CNC) Swire Shipping has upgraded its multipurpose liner service coverage in the Asia Pacific region.

Baltimore Port Shipments Hit New Record

Helen Delich Bentley Port of Baltimore's public terminals shipped a record 9.74 million tons of general cargo in the 2015 fiscal year ending June 30, it said Monday.

 
 
Maritime Careers / Shipboard Positions Maritime Contracts Maritime Security Offshore Oil Pod Propulsion Salvage Ship Repair Ship Simulators Shipbuilding / Vessel Construction Winch
rss | archive | history | articles | privacy | contributors | top maritime news | about us | copyright | maritime magazines
maritime security news | shipbuilding news | maritime industry | shipping news | maritime reporting | workboats news | ship design | maritime business

Time taken: 0.5514 sec (2 req/sec)