Douglas B. Stevenson, Esq., the Director of the Seamen's Church Institute
's (SCI) Center for Seafarers
' Rights, urged RADM Thomas Gilmore
, Assistant Commandant
of Marine Safety &
Environmental Protections, to protect the human and legal rights of seafarers during investigations of environmental accidents. U.S. port chaplains recently reported several cases of forced detentions of seafarers to the Institute.
"In one of the most troubling reports, mariner witnesses were shackled and held in immigration prison when their company refused to continue paying for a hotel," said Mr. Stevenson.
The Center for Seafarers' Rights (CSR) does not dispute the necessity of
protecting the fragile marine environment and the vigorous enforcement of
federal environmental laws as a crucial deterrent for illegal marine
pollution. CSR lawyers are concerned that mariners increasingly are
suffering severe penalties for cooperating with investigations of
"These mariners are not 'whistle-blowers' eligible for rewards for reporting
environmental crimes. Their honesty results in their paychecks stopping and
losing the ability to return home," said Mr. Stevenson.
CSR is calling on RADM Gilmore to review the United States policy
involuntarily detaining merchant mariners as material witnesses of
environmental crimes. The statement also looks for changes with the
Department of Justice
's detention policies.
"U.S. justice officials must treat mariner witnesses with gratitude and
respect instead of as criminals. Then these seafarers will be more inclined
to cooperate in efforts to prevent, deter and prosecute environmental
crimes," said Mr. Stevenson.
Some Examples of Seafarers Detained in U.S. as Witnesses in Marine
Environmental Crime Investigations Reported to SCI's Center for Seafarers'
· Seward, Alaska. July 2004. Two Burmese crewmembers formerly employed by
Boyang Shipping forced to remain in Seward, Alaska since
July 2004 as
material witnesses in an illegal dumping case. Receiving $336/month from U.S
government to cover expenses. Unable to work in U.S. or begin new contract.
· M/V Katrina, LA/LB, California. December 2004. Twelve seafarers stated
they witnessed illegal oil discharge when interviewed by Coast Guard.
Company originally paid for hotel, but then refused. Seafarers led out in
shackles and detained overnight by U.S. Marshals, then released into custody
of Los Angeles, CA Seafarers' Center where they now sleep on the floor and
subsist on charity from the Seafarers Center.
· M/V Endeavor. September 2004. Seafarer in Queens, New York received
subpoena for testimony as witness in alleged illegal oil dumping incident
that occurred in September 2004. Hearing originally set for mid-November,
seafarer unable to begin new contract while waiting to testify.
· M/V Faithful. Newark, New Jersey, November 2004. Ten crewmembers forced to
remain in U.S. for interviews with U.S. Coast Guard into allegations of
illegal oil dumping. They are held under guard at a hotel. Shipping company
is paying their living expenses (for now).