IEA Report Aims to Help End Emissions Growth

MarineLink.com
Monday, June 10, 2013

Warning that the world is not on track to limit the global temperature increase to 2°C, the International Energy Agency (IEA) urged governments to swiftly enact four energy policies that would keep climate goals alive without harming economic growth.

Climate change has quite frankly slipped to the back burner of policy priorities. But the problem is not going away – quite the opposite,” IEA Executive Director Maria van der Hoeven said in London at the launch of a World Energy Outlook Special Report, Redrawing the Energy-Climate Map, which highlights the need for intensive action before 2020.

Noting that the energy sector accounts for around two-thirds of global greenhouse-gas emissions, she added, “This report shows that the path we are currently on is more likely to result in a temperature increase of between 3.6 °C and 5.3°C but also finds that much more can be done to tackle energy-sector emissions without jeopardizing economic growth, an important concern for many governments.”

New estimates for global energy-related carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions in 2012 reveal a 1.4% increase, reaching a record high of 31.6 gigatonnes (Gt), but also mask significant regional differences. In the United States, a switch from coal to gas in power generation helped reduce emissions by 200 million tons (Mt), bringing them back to the level of the mid-1990s. China experienced the largest growth in CO2 emissions (300 Mt), but the increase was one of the lowest it has seen in a decade, driven by the deployment of renewables and improvements in energy intensity. Despite increased coal use in some countries, emissions in Europe declined by 50 Mt. Emissions in Japan increased by 70 Mt.

The new IEA report presents the results of a 4-for-2°C Scenario in which four energy policies are selected that can deliver significant emissions reductions by 2020 rely only on existing technologies and have already been adopted successfully in several countries.

“We identify a set of proven measures that could stop the growth in global energy-related emissions by the end of this decade at no net economic cost,” said IEA Chief Economist Fatih Birol, the report’s lead author. “Rapid and widespread adoption could act as a bridge to further action, buying precious time while international climate negotiations continue.”

In the 4-for-2°C Scenario, global energy-related greenhouse-gas emissions are 8% (3.1 Gt CO2-equivalent) lower in 2020 than the level otherwise expected.

     -Targeted energy efficiency measures in buildings, industry and transport account for nearly half the emissions reduction in 2020, with the additional investment required being more than offset by reduced spending on fuel bills.
     -Limiting the construction and use of the least-efficient coal-fired power plants delivers more than 20% of the emissions reduction and helps curb local air pollution. The share of power generation from renewables increases       (from around 20% today to 27% in 2020), as does that from natural gas.
     -Actions to halve expected methane (a potent greenhouse gas) releases into the atmosphere from the upstream oil and gas industry in 2020 provide 18% of the savings.
     -Implementing a partial phase-out of fossil fuel consumption subsidies accounts for 12% of the reduction in emissions and supports efficiency efforts.

The report also finds that the energy sector is not immune from the physical impacts of climate change and must adapt. In mapping energy-system vulnerabilities, it identifies several sudden and destructive impacts, caused by extreme weather events, and other more gradual impacts, caused by changes to average temperature, sea level rise and shifting weather patterns. To improve the climate resilience of the energy system, it highlights governments’ role in encouraging prudent adaptation (alongside mitigation) and the need for industry to assess the risks and impacts as part of its investment decisions.

The financial implications of climate policies that would put the world on a 2°C trajectory are not uniform across the energy sector. Net revenues for existing renewables-based and nuclear power plants increase by $1.8 trillion (in year-2011 dollars) collectively through to 2035, offsetting a similar decline from coal plants. No oil or gas field currently in production would need to shut down prematurely. Some fields yet to start production are not developed before 2035, meaning that around 5-6% of proven oil and gas reserves do not start to recover their exploration costs. Delaying the move to a 2°C trajectory until 2020 would result in substantial additional costs to the energy sector and increase the risk of assets needing to be retired early, idled or retrofitted. Carbon capture and storage (CCS) can act as an asset protection strategy, reducing the risk of stranded assets and enabling more fossil fuel to be commercialized.
 

Maritime Reporter May 2015 Digital Edition
FREE Maritime Reporter Subscription
Latest Maritime News    rss feeds

People & Company News

Matson Completes Horizon Lines Acquisition

Matson, Inc. has completed the acquisition of Horizon Lines, Inc. which includes Horizon's Alaska operations and the assumption of all non-Hawaii business liabilities.

Wärtsilä Acquires L-3 MSI

Wärtsilä completes acquisition of L-3 Marine Systems International    Wärtsilä Corporation announced that its acquisition of the Germany based L-3 Marine Systems

BWTS Newcomer Sees Early Success

Norwegian manufacturer of ballast water treatment systems MMC Green Technology reports it has sold more than 70 systems since going commercial with its MMC BWMS two years ago,

Environmental

Unicom Selects the Ecochlor BWTS for 10 Tankers

Ecochlor, Inc. announced that Unicom Management Services (Cyprus) Ltd. (Unicom), acting for SCF Group, signed a 10-vessel agreement for the Ecochlor Ballast Water Treatment System (BWTS) in Limassol,

Crowley’s 2nd LNG ConRo Ship Ahead of Schedule

Shipbuilder VT Halter Marine, Inc. announced construction has started early for the second liquefied natural gas (LNG)-powered ConRo ship, Taíno, for Crowley Holdings, Inc.

Overnight Cruise Ship Visits Suspended in White Bay

The New South Wales (NSW) Port Authority has suspended all overnight cruise ship visits to White Bay until the NSW Environment Protection Authority (EPA) has regulated

Energy

Kongsberg Contracted to Support FLNG Conversion

Kongsberg Maritime secures position in the LNG market with electrical and automation contract for Golar Hilli FLNG   Keppel Shipyard in Singapore and Black & Veatch in the U.

Statoil Awarded Licenses Offshore Nicaragua

Statoil informs it was today awarded four licenses offshore the Nicaraguan Pacific, covering an area of about 16,000 km2 in the largely unexplored Sandino Basin.

US Oil Contango Vanishing as Supply Glut Shifts Abroad

The U.S. oil market is on the brink of returning to a more bullish footing known as backwardation for the first time in six months, with the discount for prompt

News

Unicom Selects the Ecochlor BWTS for 10 Tankers

Ecochlor, Inc. announced that Unicom Management Services (Cyprus) Ltd. (Unicom), acting for SCF Group, signed a 10-vessel agreement for the Ecochlor Ballast Water Treatment System (BWTS) in Limassol,

Wage Row Between Argentine Crushers, Companies Reaches Crunch Point

Pressure grew on Friday for a resolution to wage talks between exporters and striking crushers in Argentina's Rosario grains hub, with another powerful union threatening

Kongsberg Contracted to Support FLNG Conversion

Kongsberg Maritime secures position in the LNG market with electrical and automation contract for Golar Hilli FLNG   Keppel Shipyard in Singapore and Black & Veatch in the U.

 
 
Maritime Careers / Shipboard Positions Maritime Contracts Maritime Security Offshore Oil Pod Propulsion Port Authority Salvage Ship Electronics Ship Repair Shipbuilding / Vessel Construction
rss | archive | history | articles | privacy | contributors | top maritime news | about us | copyright | maritime magazines
maritime security news | shipbuilding news | maritime industry | shipping news | maritime reporting | workboats news | ship design | maritime business

Time taken: 0.2623 sec (4 req/sec)