Warning on Dangers of Cargo Fumigation at Sea

Posted by George Backwell
Thursday, May 01, 2014
Cargo Fumigation: Image courtesy of UK P&I Club

The UK P&I Club says it has received reports of a number of accidents and injuries to crew members resulting from the inadvertent release of highly toxic phosphine gas or the effects of fires and explosions, both caused by the unsafe disposal of residues of aluminium phosphide following the fumigation of cargoes in transit. The Club has consequently issued a loss prevention circular, summarised as follows:

  • International guidance and recommendations on fumigation on board ships is contained in MSC Circulars 12641 and 13962 and the IMSBC Code3.  These stress that:
  • Fumigation in transit should only be carried out at the discretion of the Master
  • The Master should be aware of the regulations of the Flag State of Administration having regard to fumigation in transit,
  • When phosphine generating formulations (of the type with which this bulletin is concerned) are used, any collected residues may ignite.
  • The Ship Manager’s ISM Code should include a section dealing with fumigation.
     

UK P&I Club explains that accidents have occurred during and after discharge of the cargo, sometimes caused by a failure to follow written advice provided by fumigation contractors at the load port.

Fumigant formulations
Phosphine is a well established insecticide suitable for the fumigation of bulk cargoes such as grain. Phosphine is also poisonous to humans at relatively low concentrations and can form flammable gas:air mixtures.  Phosphine can be conveniently generated on and in cargo in the holds by the reaction of atmospheric moisture with aluminium or magnesium phosphide formulations placed in the holds by specialist fumigation contractors.

In conclusion
Phosphide fumigants can be hazardous, but by carefully following the guidance and warnings in MSC Circulars 1264 and 1396, and the IMSBC Code and the manufacturer’s instructions for the disposal of spent or partially spent material, accidents and injury can be avoided.
 
Source: The UK P&I Club

 

 


People & Company News

MPA Appoints Koji Sekimizu as Distinguished Visiting Fellow

The S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies (RSIS) and the Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore (MPA) have appointed former Secretary-General of the

MN100: Klüber Lubrication NA LP

The Company: Klüber Lubrication is one of the world’s leading manufacturers of specialty lubricants, offering high-end tribological solutions to virtually all industries and markets worldwide.

Grand Bahama Shipyard Adds Four Executives

Grand Bahama Shipyard Limited (GBSL), a Caribbean shipyard providing retrofit, refurbishment and revitalization to cruise and commercial vessels, has added four

Bulk Carrier Trends

Fednav's New Bulker Features High-tech BWT System

Fednav Limited,  an  international bulk shipowner in Canada, has welcomed to the Port of Indiana – Burns Harbor, the Federal Caribou, one of seven new oceangoing

Baltic Exchange Board Backs SGX Bid

The Baltic Exchange board has unanimously backed a takeover bid from Singapore Exchange Ltd , a deal that will give SGX access to a trading platform for the multi-billion

NordLB to Shed Shipping Loans to KKR

German state-owned lender NordLB and KKR Credit said they had reached an agreement by which KKR Credit will acquire a $1.5 billion portfolio of shipping loans from

Environmental

Global Climate Change Threatens Papahānaumokuākea Marine

Despite its remote location in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands, Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument faces a looming threat of global climate change that

South Africa Workshop Promotes Ship Energy Efficiency

An International Maritime Organization (IMO) workshop is raising awareness of the Organization’s regulatory regime dealing with improving energy efficiency and

SCHOTTEL’s LEACON Certified Leak-free

Following a technical update, the SCHOTTEL LEACON system has now been certified by classification society DNV-GL as a leak-free sealing system for the oil-to-sea interface.

Maritime Safety

Giant CMA CGM Ship Vasco De Gama Runs Aground

CMA CGM’s mega containership Vasco De Gama ran aground off the Port of Southampton on the UK’s south coast just after midnight on August 22, 2016, reported Fleetmon.

TSA Boosts Maritime Security in a Big Way

Though most visible to the general public for its work at America’s airports, the U.S. Transportation Security Administration (TSA) also helps to secure the country’s

US Coast Guard Announces Final TWIC Rule

The U.S. Coast Guard announced Tuesday the publication of the final rule concerning Transportation Worker Identification Credential (TWIC) reader requirements. The

 
 
Maritime Contracts Maritime Security Maritime Standards Naval Architecture Offshore Oil Pod Propulsion Salvage Ship Repair Ship Simulators Winch
rss | archive | history | articles | privacy | contributors | top maritime news | about us | copyright | maritime magazines
maritime security news | shipbuilding news | maritime industry | shipping news | maritime reporting | workboats news | ship design | maritime business

Time taken: 0.1102 sec (9 req/sec)