US Coast Guard's 'Stop & Search' Power Incontestable

William & Mary Law Review
Friday, October 26, 2012

The USCG is America's only armed service with responsibility & authority for direct law enforcement action, on land police officers must meet 'reasonable suspicion' requirement.

The Coast Guard is firmly committed to continuing the 'drug war' in the maritime area and, accordingly, drug interdiction is the most significant Coast Guard mission in terms of effort dedicated and money spent. A broad grant of enforcement authority from Congress coupled with an equally broad deference by the judiciary to the use of that power has facilitated this commitment.

Congress provided its principal support of Coast Guard law enforcement almost half a century ago, with a statute that has not required amendment to meet modern exigencies. The courts, however, have fully endorsed unfettered authority for the agency's law enforcement mission only during the last two decades as a perceived need for this wide latitude arose in the context of halting the flood of illegal drugs from South America.

Vessel owners must accept as part of the 'cost' of enjoying waterborne business or recreation the possibility that the Coast Guard may stop and board their vessel at any time. For the recreational boater who already faces pervasive regulations that require him to carry certain expensive equipment in order to enjoy his leisure time aboard a vessel which itself requires a substantial investment, the appearance of a Coast Guard law enforcement team is particularly disturbing.

Nevertheless Coast Guard officers have  broad authority for stopping vessels subject to United States jurisdiction, and owners and operators have no legal grounds for complaint against being stopped and searched.

Maritime Reporter May 2015 Digital Edition
FREE Maritime Reporter Subscription
Latest Maritime News    rss feeds

Legal

Israeli Dockworkers End Ports Strike

Israeli dockworkers ended a two-day strike on Thursday that had shut down the country's two main seaports in protest at the creation of new foreign-run ports.   Some 2,

US Orders Owner to Clean Up Ruptured Pipeline

Federal order ensures continued action on Santa Barbara County oil spill   The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the U.S. Coast Guard issued a joint federal

Suppression of Random Drug Test Results: A Bad and Unnecessary Decision

Last September, an Administrative Law Judge (ALJ) unsettled much of the U.S. maritime industry when he dismissed with prejudice a U.S. Coast Guard (USCG) action

Coast Guard

6,000 Gallons of Diesel Spilt in Alaskan Gulf

Unified Command responding to cleanup aboard vessel in Seldovia, Alaska   A Unified Command consisting of representatives from the U.S. Coast Guard, U.S. Department of the Interior,

US Orders Owner to Clean Up Ruptured Pipeline

Federal order ensures continued action on Santa Barbara County oil spill   The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the U.S. Coast Guard issued a joint federal

Suppression of Random Drug Test Results: A Bad and Unnecessary Decision

Last September, an Administrative Law Judge (ALJ) unsettled much of the U.S. maritime industry when he dismissed with prejudice a U.S. Coast Guard (USCG) action

 
 
Maritime Careers / Shipboard Positions Maritime Security Maritime Standards Pod Propulsion Port Authority Salvage Ship Simulators Shipbuilding / Vessel Construction Sonar Winch
rss | archive | history | articles | privacy | contributors | top maritime news | about us | copyright | maritime magazines
maritime security news | shipbuilding news | maritime industry | shipping news | maritime reporting | workboats news | ship design | maritime business

Time taken: 0.1133 sec (9 req/sec)