Index-Linked Container Contracts Take-Off

Monday, December 12, 2011

Half of all index-linked contracts filed with the US Federal Maritime Commission reference Drewry’s Container Freight Rate Insight pricing benchmarks.

 

Drewry Maritime Research’s container freight rate benchmarks are the index of choice in index-linked container contracts, according to the US Federal Maritime Commission (FMC). The agency also indicated that uptake of index-linked container contracts on US trades was fast growing. Index-linked contracts allow freight rates to be adjusted during the life of the agreement by reference to an external, independent market price index.

 

Speaking at the Container Freight Derivatives Association’s (CFDA) Global Container Freight Forum in London last month, FMC chief of staff Lowry Crook said that over 50 index-linked contracts had been filed with its organisation this year. Many more are expected to be filed in the upcoming contracting season. “Of the roughly 50 service contracts filed with the FMC that reference freight indices, nearly half refer to Drewry’s index,” confirmed Crook. These benchmarks are published monthly and online in Drewry’s Container Freight Rate Insight. The FMC has a good knowledge of shipping agreements as all carrier-shipper service contracts covering US trades must be filed with the agency by law.

 

“The Commission’s comments quash any misplaced impression that carriers will not sign index-linked contracts that reference spot rate indices,” commented Martin Dixon, research manager of Drewry’s Container Freight Rate Insight. “Indeed, several carriers have requested that we expand the range of aggregated indices to meet the fast growing demand for index-linked contracts from cargo owners.”

 

Index-linked contracts enable more stable, multi-year contract terms and reduce the threat that either party will walk away from the contract when market conditions change. Traditional fixed-rate annual contracts run the risk of locking shippers into high relative freight costs when the market falls and potential capacity shortfalls when market rates rise.

 

The FMC official explained that most index-linked contracts are based on annual price adjustments, although some adjust half-yearly or quarterly. Drewry’s Stable Market Adjusted Rate Terms model (SMART), a type of index-linked contract, incorporates a “ceiling rate” and a “floor rate” to mitigate the risk of extreme price volatility. “More and more retailers and manufacturers are coming to Drewry for advice on how to construct index-linked contracts,” added Dixon. “We recommend our SMART model to companies considering the use of index-linked contracts.”

 

Drewry is the market leader in the provision of container freight rate market intelligence and sea freight procurement advice. It publishes container freight rates on over 550 different port pairs as well as several aggregated indices, in its Container Freight Rate Insight. This is published both online and as a monthly report. These container freight rates and aggregated indices are widely used for benchmarking, market analysis and as a reference point for index-linked contracts.

 

Drewry also publishes container freight rate indices on 11 East-West routes in collaboration with Cleartrade, through the World Container Index (WCI) joint venture. Unlike Drewry's Container Freight Rate Insight, the WCI is designed to be used as a pricing mechanism for the settlement of derivative trades and hedging. However, the WCI can also be used as a reference point for index-linked contracts.

Maritime Reporter May 2015 Digital Edition
FREE Maritime Reporter Subscription
Latest Maritime News    rss feeds

People & Company News

2 Americans Rescued North of Cuba

A Coast Guard MH-60 helicopter crew rescued two American sailors whose vessel ran aground approximately 25 miles north of Gibara, Cuba, Friday. Watchstanders

Shell CEO Backs Fossil Fuels, Climate Change Warnings

The world's fossil fuel reserves cannot be burned unless some way is found to capture their carbon emissions, Royal Dutch Shell Plc Chief Executive Officer Ben van Beurden said on Friday.

Severe Flooding Cuts Off Lone Road to Alaska's Oilfield

Alaska's lone road to North Slope oil field operations remains closed for the third time in two months while emergency crews continue to redirect flooding from an adjacent river,

Contracts

Mayor Garcetti on Ratification of Port Labor Contract

International Longshore and Warehouse Union members have ratified a five-year contract governing pay and work rules at 29 West Coast ports, including those of Los Angeles and Long Beach.

Fincantieri Invests In Camper & Nicholsons

Fincantieri has signed an agreement for the acquisition of a minority stake via capital injection in Camper & Nicholsons International (Camper & Nicholsons), the

Egypt's $3 Bln LNG tender in June

Egypt is reportedly to issue a tender in early June to buy up to $3 billion of liquefied natural gas over 2016 and 2017, Reuters reports.   The country recently

Finance

Fincantieri Invests In Camper & Nicholsons

Fincantieri has signed an agreement for the acquisition of a minority stake via capital injection in Camper & Nicholsons International (Camper & Nicholsons), the

Tsakos Energy Navigation Reports 156% Increase in Q1 Profits

Greece-based Tsakos Energy Navigation Ltd (TEN) has reported first-quarter profit of $37.3 million from $14.6 million in Q1 2014 - a 156% Increase. On a per-share basis it has profit of 42 cents.

Egypt's $3 Bln LNG tender in June

Egypt is reportedly to issue a tender in early June to buy up to $3 billion of liquefied natural gas over 2016 and 2017, Reuters reports.   The country recently

Container Ships

Shipping Freight Rates Drop Amidst Overcapacity

Shipping freight rates on the world's busiest route, from Asia to Northern Europe, fell by the largest percentage amount since 2008, reflecting wild volatility

HSH Bank to Split Off Bad Shipping Loans

German lender HSH Nordbank could split off a "bad bank" for non-performing shipping loans as part of a plan to create a sustainable business model, according to a person familiar with the matter.

18 Kalmar RT 240s for US DoD

Kalmar, part of Cargotec, has received an order to supply a further 18 rough terrain container handlers to the United States Department of Defense. Destined to replace older equipment,

 
 
Maritime Careers / Shipboard Positions Maritime Security Naval Architecture Navigation Offshore Oil Pod Propulsion Ship Electronics Ship Repair Ship Simulators Shipbuilding / Vessel Construction
rss | archive | history | articles | privacy | contributors | top maritime news | about us | copyright | maritime magazines
maritime security news | shipbuilding news | maritime industry | shipping news | maritime reporting | workboats news | ship design | maritime business

Time taken: 0.1937 sec (5 req/sec)