Nickel Ore Shipments: Lessons Learned from Losses

MarineLink.com
Thursday, October 03, 2013

One of the most pressing problems for the bulk shipping industry is the safe carriage of nickel ore. The increasing demand for this commodity is fuelled by China’s thirst for nickel ore as it is the principal alloy component for stainless steel.

Chinese nickel ore imports have spiraled from nearly 5m metric tons (mt) in 2006 to near 50m mt in 2011. The bulk of these imports come from Indonesia, with the Philippines now running very close behind.

But this fast-expanding trade has been marred by the heavy price paid in terms of lives and vessels lost. The following details tell the story:

October 2010: Jian Fu Star, 13 fatalities

November 2010: Nasco Diamond, 21 fatalities

December 2010: Hong Wei, 10 fatalities

December, 2011: Vinalines Queen, 22 fatalities

February 2012: Harita Bauxite, 15 fatalities


In August, the 2012-built Trans Summer sank off Hong Kong, but all 21 crew were saved by rescue helicopters.

All these vessels were carrying nickel ore from Indonesia to China.

As at January 2012, nickel ore made up only 0.06% of shipping world trade, but accounted for 80% of the fatalities in the bulk trades.

Under the title Liquefying Bulk Cargoes, the American P&I Club has been giving technical presentations to pass on some of the lessons learned from these casualties. Dr. William Moore, senior vice president of managers Shipowners Claims Bureau Inc. and responsible for the club’s loss prevention and risk management programmes, presented to a meeting in New York of the American Institute of Marine Underwriters. This was followed by a similar presentation to the Association of Average Adjusters of the United States and Canada by John Poulson, senior vice president and principal surveyor, Atlantic Marine Associates, New York, and responsible for overseeing all American Club vessel surveys.

A Chinese language version of the presentation is being arranged by the club’s Shanghai office for showing to club members in Asia, particularly Greater China, and also at suitable seminars.

George Tsimis, senior vice president and head of claims at Shipowners Claims Bureau, also gave a brief presentation about the nickel ore trade, the rash of major casualties since 2010, and the Harita Bauxite incident, at the annual International Maritime Law Seminar in London late September. He noted that the death toll of the Indonesia-China nickel ore trade is about four times the rate of all seafarers killed by pirates around the world each year.

The American Club has first-hand experience of the difficulties attendant upon the loading, stowage and carriage of nickel ore, and this is thought to be the first time that a detailed presentation on this problem has been prepared for the shipping and insurance industries.

The slide presentation covers international regulations, the characteristics of liquefaction, the risks to the carrying vessel, responsibilities of the ship’s staff during loading, compliance with IMSBC Code (what is really going on?), and where do things go from here – should all stakeholders take a united stand?

In a summary of its findings and investigations, the American Club says that regulations are lagging behind the realities of the nickel ore trade, and that political, economic and commercial interests and pressures make any significant progress difficult. Industry stakeholders (eg, Intercargo, BIMCO, the International Group clubs, etc) are consequently challenged to produce unified solutions.

Finally, “if a ship sinks carrying nickel ore … it is most likely the cargo is the cause.”

american-club.com
 

Maritime Reporter August 2014 Digital Edition
FREE Maritime Reporter Subscription
Latest Maritime News    rss feeds

Finance

Brent Crude Slips Towards US$102

Brent crude fell towards $102 a barrel on Tuesday on concerns of slowing oil demand growth due to weak economic recoveries in China and Europe, although new unrest

Aker Solutions Update on Company Hive-Off

Aker Solutions informs updated unaudited financial information for the two companies - the new Aker Solutions and Akastor - that will be formed following the split

Russia's Shipping Major Reports Strong 1H 2014

OAO Sovcomflot (SCF Group), Russia’s largest shipping company and a global leader in seaborne energy transportation and offshore services, has announced its financial

News

USCG, National Park Service Rescue Sea Turtle

Members from the U.S. Coast Guard and National Park Service rescued a loggerhead sea turtle Sunday in Oregon Inlet. Watchstanders at Coast Guard Sector North Carolina

Bulk Equipment is Delivered to Syzran Refinery

A reactor and a cold high-pressure separator is delivered to the site of Rosneft subsidiary Syzran Refinery for the constructed diesel hydro-treater. The unit

Achinsk Refinery Resumes Operation on Tight Schedule

Achinsk Oil refinery, suspended after the incident of June 15, 2014 has recovered the processes of primary crude oil processing on a tight schedule, according to the plan of repair activities.

Maritime Safety

EU Warship Provides Seychelles CG Training

EU Naval Force Warship 'FGS Berlin' has conducted local maritime capacity building in the Seychelles informs EUCAP Nestor. Three Local Maritime Capacity Building

USCG, National Park Service Rescue Sea Turtle

Members from the U.S. Coast Guard and National Park Service rescued a loggerhead sea turtle Sunday in Oregon Inlet. Watchstanders at Coast Guard Sector North Carolina

Videotel Updates 'Fire Fighting at Sea' Training

Maritime e-Learning provider Videotel, part of KVH Industries, says that it has launched an updated five-part series 'Fire Fighting At Sea', with the support and

Insurance

MN 100: Gencorp Insurance Group

16 Main Street East Greenwich, RI 02818 Telephone: 401 336 2182 E-mail: rcarnahan@gencorp-ins.com Website: www.gencorp-ins.com CEO/President: Robert G. Padula Number

Panama Canal: The Billion Dollar Challenge

Panama Canal expansion will cost operators, insurers As the Panama Canal prepares to celebrate its 100th anniversary, insurers are warning of the increased risks

Pine Galaxy to Arrive SF Bay Wednesday

The disabled mixed-products tanker Pine Galaxy is expected to arrive in San Francisco Wednesday morning. The ship is being towed by commercial tug to San Francisco Bay.

Logistics

Tankship-specific Version of FindaportCD Released

Harbour & terminal information providers, Shipping Guides Ltd, says its latest tanker-specific  addition enables customers to access the most comprehensive port

Bulk Equipment is Delivered to Syzran Refinery

A reactor and a cold high-pressure separator is delivered to the site of Rosneft subsidiary Syzran Refinery for the constructed diesel hydro-treater. The unit

Gazprom Neft Starts Oil Production, Shipments from Iraqi Badra Field

Russia's Gazprom Neft said on Monday it started commercial production and shipments of oil produced at its Iraqi Badra oil field. Gazprom Neft, the oil arm of state gas company Gazprom ,

 
 
Maritime Contracts Maritime Standards Offshore Oil Pod Propulsion Port Authority Ship Electronics Ship Repair Ship Simulators Sonar Winch
rss | archive | history | articles | privacy | terms and conditions | contributors | top maritime news | about us | copyright | maritime magazines
maritime security news | shipbuilding news | maritime industry | shipping news | maritime reporting | workboats news | ship design | maritime business

Time taken: 0.1494 sec (7 req/sec)