China Seeks to Build Shipping Railways in Brazil

Posted by Eric Haun
Wednesday, July 16, 2014

Brazil hopes that during a visit by Chinese President Xi Jinping it can boost ties with its biggest trade partner beyond the exchange of commodities for manufactured goods, but that may be wishful thinking.

Accords China will sign with Brazil when Xi meets with President Dilma Rousseff on Thursday focus on improving infrastructure to make sure raw materials China is hungry for make it to port, with railways a top priority.

Brazilian officials are portraying Xi's state visit as a milestone in deepening a strategic partnership that will lead to Chinese investments in Brazil's manufacturing industry.

Trade between China and Brazil soared to $83.3 billion last year from $3.2 billion in 2002, with iron ore, soy and oil making up the bulk of Brazilian exports.

The Chinese have been making investment promises for years and failed to deliver. Three years after announcing plans to invest $2 billion in a soy-crushing plant and a giant storage hub in western Bahia, Chongqing Grain Group Corp has only managed to bulldoze a 100-hectare (250-acre) field.

There have been few success stories in the trickle of investment that has come in. Dongfeng Motor Corporation, one of China's largest automotive groups, has shelved a plan to build a 1 billion Brazilian reais ($450 million) truck factory in Brazil after falling out with its Brazilian partner.

Analysts say the Chinese are not interested in investing in manufacturing in Latin America, especially in Brazil where labor costs are high and regulatory hurdles abound.

"The Brazilians have to understand that Brazil is not terribly attractive," said Riordan Roett, Western Hemisphere director at the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies in Washington. "There is no growth in credit and the government has not delivered on promises to improve infrastructure. The Chinese are very much aware of that."

Unless Brazil can become more competitive, Chinese investment will go to Asian countries, or those in the burgeoning Pacific alliance, like Mexico, Roett said.

Brazilian officials say China wants to enter partnerships to build railways to ship grains and minerals to Brazilian ports.

Projects under consideration include railways to the ports of Ilheus in the state of Bahia and Itaqui in Maranhao, which are closer to the Panama Canal and would lower freight costs.

China is also interested in studying a railway across the Andes to the Pacific coast of Peru, which could shorten the trade route significantly, a trade ministry official said.

Brazilian officials expect no progress during Xi's visit in resolving an impasse over China's refusal to allow giant, bulk iron ore carriers used by Brazil's Vale SA to dock at Chinese ports, forcing the miner to transship cargoes from ports in the Philippines and Malaysia and increasing its costs.

Brazilian efforts to manufacture goods in China have also run into problems. China has not approved plans by Brazil's biggest bus maker Marcopolo to build a factory or plane maker Embraer to refit its plant in Harbin to make E-190 passenger planes.

(Reporting by Anthony Boadle; Editing by Mohammad Zargham)

Maritime Today


The Maritime Industry's original and most viewed E-News Service

Maritime Reporter March 2016 Digital Edition
FREE Maritime Reporter Subscription
Latest Maritime News    rss feeds

Bulk Carrier Trends

Entrance to Port of Santos Reopens

The entrance to Brazil's largest  reopened on Thursday, after rough seas prevented ships from entering or leaving for more than 30 hours during peak soy export season.

French Wheat Exports Await Indonesia Approval

French wheat exports to Indonesia are on hold as traders await the approval of a food safety agreement between the two countries, something exporters say is being

Baltic Index Dips on Weaker Rates for Bigger Vessels

The Baltic Exchange's main sea freight index, tracking rates for ships carrying dry bulk commodities, fell on Thursday, hurt by lower rates for capesize and panamax vessels.

News

Matson Announces Q2 Dividend of $0.18/Share

The Board of Directors of Matson, Inc. today declared a second quarter dividend of $0.18 per common share. The dividend will be paid on June 2, 2016 to all shareholders

Disabled Fishing Vessel Towed to Maine

The 60-foot fishing boat Paulo Marc was towed by the crew of U.S. Coast Guard Cutter Moray after the fishing vessel became disabled Wednesday about 90 miles east of Portland, Maine.

Blacklisted Oil Tanker Returning to Libya

An Indian-flagged oil tanker is returning to Libya, the North African country's rival oil corporation said on Thursday, after its failed first attempt to export

Government Update

Blacklisted Oil Tanker Returning to Libya

An Indian-flagged oil tanker is returning to Libya, the North African country's rival oil corporation said on Thursday, after its failed first attempt to export

US Urges ASEAN Unity on South China Sea Ruling

China risks "terrible" damage to its reputation if it ignores an impending international court ruling on the South China Sea, the United States said on Thursday,

French Wheat Exports Await Indonesia Approval

French wheat exports to Indonesia are on hold as traders await the approval of a food safety agreement between the two countries, something exporters say is being

Logistics

Baltic Index Dips on Weaker Rates for Bigger Vessels

The Baltic Exchange's main sea freight index, tracking rates for ships carrying dry bulk commodities, fell on Thursday, hurt by lower rates for capesize and panamax vessels.

Philippines: Coordinated Patrols Needed to Protect Shipping

The Philippines has been discussing coordinated naval patrols on its southern maritime borders with Indonesia and Malaysia to protect shipping after attacks and kidnappings by Islamist militants,

Fitch: M&A, Not Alliances to Help Revive Container Shipping

The following statement was released by the rating agency: Mergers and acquisitions, rather than the historically more popular alliances, are inevitable to address

 
 
Maritime Careers / Shipboard Positions Maritime Contracts Maritime Security Maritime Standards Naval Architecture Offshore Oil Pod Propulsion Salvage Ship Repair Ship Simulators
rss | archive | history | articles | privacy | contributors | top maritime news | about us | copyright | maritime magazines
maritime security news | shipbuilding news | maritime industry | shipping news | maritime reporting | workboats news | ship design | maritime business

Time taken: 0.0875 sec (11 req/sec)