Wärtsilä has received an order to supply four Wärtsilä 6L50DF dual-fuel engines to power a 75,000 m3 LNG carrier contracted by the French gas holding company Gaz de France
at the French
shipyard Chantiers de l'Atlantique.
Due for delivery in 2004, this newbuilding is breaking away from traditional practices in the propulsion of LNG (liquefied natural gas) carriers. It will be the first LNG carrier to be powered by electric propulsion, and one of few to have internal-combustion engines instead of the more usual steam turbine plant.
The four dual-fuel engined generating sets will meet all the ship's propulsion and shipboard electrical requirements. The Wärtsilä 6L50DF
engines each develop 5700 kW at 514 rev/min.
This membrane-type vessel (GTT-CS1) will be employed transporting LNG from Skikda in Algeria to Fos near Marseilles. This round voyage will
take about one week at a service speed of 16 knots, which can be achieved with three of the four generating sets. The ship is also designed for spot market trading, such as voyages to the USA. For such times, the service speed can be 18.5 knots using all four generating sets.
Compared with the alternative power plants, the Wärtsilä 50DF engines have distinctive benefits in LNG carriers. Whilst making maximum use
of the gas fuel (boil-off from the cargo of liquefied natural gas (LNGLF)
) to develop useful power, the high efficiency of these engines calls for
a much lower fuel consumption overall and thus lower operating costs
than the conventional steam turbine plant. The Wärtsilä 50DF engines
also have much lower stack emissions than a steam plant. Their low
NOx emissions are about one-tenth those of the equivalent diesel
engines. The combination of the engines' low fuel consumption and
their maximum use of natural gas means
the 50DF engines also have low
Technical details of the Wärtsilä 50DF engines and their dual-fuel
Developed from Wärtsilä's very successful type 46 diesel engines, the
Wärtsilä 50DF engines have cylinder dimensions of 500 mm bore by 580
mm piston stroke. Available in configurations with six, eight and
nine cylinders in line, and 12, 16 and 18 cylinders Vee-form, the
50DF engines develop 950 kW per cylinder MCR at 500 or 514 rev/min
for 50Hz and 60Hz electricity generation respectively.
The Wärtsilä 50DF engines can be run alternatively in gas mode or
liquid fuel mode. The engines are also fully capable of switching
over from gas to liquid fuel (marine diesel oil) automatically should
the gas supply be interrupted, while continuing to deliver full
Gas fuel is supplied at a low pressure (less than five bar) to the
engines. In gas mode, the Wärtsilä 50DF engines operate according to
the lean-burn Otto process. Gas is admitted into the air inlet
channels of the individual cylinders during the intake stroke to give
a lean, premixed air-gas mixture in the engine combustion chambers.
Reliable ignition is obtained by injecting a small quantity of diesel
oil directly into the combustion chambers as pilot fuel which ignites
by compression ignition as in a conventional diesel engine.
The Wärtsilä 50DF engines use a "micro-pilot" injection with less
than one per cent of the fuel energy being required as liquid fuel at
nominal load. Electronic control closely regulates the "micro-pilot"
injection system and air-gas ratio to keep each cylinder at its
correct operating point between the knock and misfiring limits.