Siemens Installs First North Sea Platform
- All photos: Siemens
- The offshore platform is fixed at a height of 22 meters above sea level to protect it even against giant waves and the rough seas they produce. HelWin1 is designed for decades of operation in the rugged North Sea and will be monitored and controlled from land when it has been commissioned.
- The HelWin1 offshore platform is installed on a supporting substructure. This substructure alone weighs 1,000 tons. It left the shipyard in June and was anchored in the North Sea, which is 23 meters deep at this location, using ten steel piles.
- The steel piles are anchored in the seabed at the installation location, 20 kilometers northwest of Helgoland. Up to 100 meters long, they are as tall as the famous London landmark Big Ben and provide secure anchoring for the platform.
- High-voltage direct-current (HVDC) transmission technology is used to convert the AC power produced in the wind farms to low-loss direct current. To accomplish this, several substations distributed throughout the wind farm transform the generated AC before it is converted to DC power by an HVDC platform. The electricity is transported onto land by a submarine cable, where it is converted back into AC. This technology is vital for cable lengths of more than 80 kilometers, as otherwise the transmi
- As part of its new energy policy, the Federal German government plans to expand the installed offshore wind capacity from its current 200 megawatts (MW) to ten gigawatts (GW) by 2020. Expansion of offshore grid connections and the power grids on land is also required for low-loss transport of the electricity onto land and distribution to urban centers throughout southern Germany. Siemens is constructing four offshore grid connections in the North Sea with a capacity of around three GW as part of
- As the fitters start doing their work, the pilings’ size becomes visible: there’s space for six people working side by side (pictured). An on-site jack-up platform serves as the crews’ quarters so that they do not have to travel back to the mainland each day. This saves a great deal of time, since the platform is located 85 kilometers from the German coast. The time needed for this journey is around two hours by helicopter and 16 hours by ship.
- More than 100 employees are involved in the installation at sea. They are difficult to recognize (front, left in photo) next to the steel piles, which are up to 100 meters in length, with a diameter of up to 3.2 meters and a wall thickness of 8 centimeters.
- After the HVDC platform HelWin1 reached its setup zone a further four days were required for installation. HelWin1 is a floating jack-up platform that is moved to the desired position by tugboats with its supports raised. When it reaches this position, the supports are lowered and connected to the supporting structure that has already been installed. The platform is then raised using a hydraulic jacking system.
- Three tugboats are needed to tow the converter platform, weighing 11,000 tons, to its location off the coast of Helgoland. Since this steel giant is too large for passage through the North Sea/Baltic Sea (Kiel) canal, it had to be towed around the northern tip of Denmark. After seven days at sea, covering 990 kilometers, HelWin1 finally reached its installation destination.
- Siemens is currently working on four HVDC platforms, with HelWin1 being the smallest of the four. The individual platform weighs more than 20 fully loaded and fueled Airbus A380 super airliners and is 75 meters long and 50 meters wide, with a surface area of 3,750 square meters. This is more than half the size of a standard soccer field (7,140 square meters). Seven decks are distributed over its total height of 27 meters.
Siemens has installed the HelWin1 offshore platform in the North Sea, marking the completion of a stage in German grid connection projects. HelWin1 will link the two offshore wind farms Nordsee Ost and Meerwind to the mainland.
Using the Siemens technology installed on the platform, the alternating current power generated by the wind turbines is transformed into low-loss direct current for transmission onto land. Starting next year, this will enable the network operator and purchaser TenneT to supply clean electricity to more than 500,000 German households on the mainland. The land-based station, also supplied by Siemens to TenneT, is located northwest of Hamburg in Büttel, where electricity will be converted back into the alternating current power required for feeding into the grid.
“With the installation of our platform at sea we have successfully mastered the most critical part of this project and are now in the final stretch for commissioning in 2014“, stated Karlheinz Springer, CEO of the Power Transmission Division within the Energy Sector of Siemens AG. “Installation of the platform for HelWin1 constitutes reaching a key milestone in our series of grid connection projects. The transmission capacity of our projects involves a total of 6.2 gigawatts of electric power from renewable sources. TenneT is thus contributing to offshore wind energy assuming a substantial role in the future’s energy supply,” remarked Lex Hartman, member of TenneT management board.
The network operator TenneT contracted the consortium consisting of Siemens and the Italian cable specialist Prysmian for the HelWin1 offshore grid connection in 2010. This consortium is implementing a total of four North Sea grid connection projects for TenneT; HelWin1 and HelWin2 off of Helgoland, BorWin2 off of Borkum and SylWin1 off of Sylt.
After seven days of transport at sea and four days of installation on site, the HelWin1 platform was anchored at its final position northwest of the island of Helgoland on August 23. Siemens had installed the platform’s support substructure at this location in June in the 23-meter-deep North Sea. Ten steel pilings up to 3.2 meters in diameter and with a wall thickness of eight centimeters were anchored in the seabed for attachment of the structure. With a length of up to 100 meters, these pilings are as tall as the famous London landmark Big Ben. The platform is installed 22 meters above sea level to protect it against giant waves. HelWin1 is designed for decades of operation in the rugged North Sea.
The platform is equipped with a helipad and was fabricated by Nordic Yards at the shipyard in Wismar under contract by Siemens. Nordic Yards has been contracted by Siemens with the fabrication of two more HVDC platforms for the grid connections BorWin2 and SylWin. At 12,000 tons, the HelWin1 platform weighs more than 20 loaded and fully tanked Airbus A380 super airliners. The surface area of the platform, at 75 by 50 meters, is more than half the size of a soccer field. The platform’s seven decks, spanning a total height of 27 meters, accommodate 16 cabins for crewmembers with a total of 24 berths, a galley, sanitary facilities, a multi-purpose room equipped with sports equipment and a day room with satellite TV, in addition to housing all the technology and equipment required for HVDC transmission.
Up to 100 employees will be active on the platform for the subsequent project phase in the North Sea. They will first re-open the doors and panels previously welded closed for transport and remove other protective transport fixtures and ballast weights. An on-site jack-up platform, which is a kind of mobile logistics and accommodation platform, will be used to prepare the supplies and quarters for the crew. The team thus will save travel time of two hours each to and from the platform by helicopter, or of up to 16 hours each way by ship.
Now, the two subsea cables from the cable specialist Prysmian are also to be connected. Siemens’ consortium partner has supplied and laid in bundle the two cables, each with a length of 130 km, for transmission of 250 kilovolt DC voltage in the future. The cable route covers 85 km at sea and 45 km over land. Both 11 cm thick cables, with its protective steel armoring wire layer and a 35 mm thick copper conductor, weighs about 30 kg per meter.
The HelWin1 HVDC platform has a capacity of 576 megawatts (MW). Thanks to the efficient direct-current technology employed, the total transmission losses for this connection are less than 4%. The HVDC Plus technology employed by Siemens reduces the complexity and, hence, the space requirements for HVDC systems, which is a decisive factor for installation at sea. In contrast to classic HVDC technology used in a vast majority of land links, systems equipped with HVDC Plus feature self-stabilization. This enhances grid reliability in the event of power fluctuations, which can occur with wind-based power generation. HVDC Plus is a multi-level VSC system. This modular, multi-level VSC technology ensures an almost ideal sinusoidal AC waveshape and smoothed direct voltage along the transmission line, that makes the installation of high-frequency and harmonic filters practically superfluous.
The commissioning of HelWin1 is scheduled for the second half of 2014. The platform is completely automated and the systems on the platform can be monitored and controlled from land, with cameras and sensors providing a complete overview of the current operating status. The crews’ quarters on the platform can be used when maintenance work is required. Siemens was contracted by TenneT for maintenance of the grid connection for an initial period of five years.