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Thursday, December 1, 2022

Sunken WWII Landing Craft Refloated

Maritime Activity Reports, Inc.

November 26, 2014

Photo: Unique Seaflex

Photo: Unique Seaflex

LCT 7074, the last known landing craft to survive the D-Day invasion in 1944, has been refloated as part of a project to lift and save the vessel which began in March 2014, almost exactly four years to the day after she had sunk. 
The vessel, which came out of service at the end of the WWII after numerous deployments to the Normandy beaches, was converted to a naval repair facility for a short while, and then became a floating nightclub berthed in Liverpool from around 1950.
Unique Seaflex (Seaflex), a division of Unique Maritime Group, worked in conjunction with Salvesen UK to deploy 230 tons of buoyancy from its office in The Isle of Wight to the operation in Birkenhead Docks Liverpool. 
Salvesen UK, a Liverpool-based contractor established for over 40 years and now conducting more than 1,000 diving projects a year, were engaged by Comet Technical Services on behalf of the National Museum of the Royal Navy to conduct a dive survey and some NDT inspection of the vessel during March, the result of which was that the hull was deemed in good enough condition to attempt the refloat. A grant of nearly one million pounds was awarded by the National Memorial Heritage Fund and operations recommenced on September 22.
After three weeks of diving to clean the vessel and prepare her for internal diving operations, the landing craft was ready to be refloated. Although for salvage operations open-ended parachute-style air lift bags are generally preferred, this was one of those jobs where a combination of the relatively shallow depths and the need to squeeze buoyancy into tight spaces meant that enclosed units fitted with pressure release valves were the ideal solution. A significant number of such enclosed units as well as parachute-type lift bags are held by Unique Seaflex within their rental pool for near-immediate dispatch and just-in-time delivery by Unique Seaflex for such projects.
Salvesen began by installing 18 five-ton single-connection vertical Unique Seaflex Mono Buoyancy Units into the wing tanks, which run fore and aft, port and starboard. They then burnt holes either side of the vertical frames in the wing tank bulkheads to secure a further 20 five-ton MBUs. As these units would break the surface before the vessel was fully afloat, the full lift potential of 190 tons would not be achieved, but it would be supplemented by eight five-ton multiple-connection horizontal Inflatable Buoyancy Units in the main engine room. They then successfully and safely tunneled under the vessel’s approximate 10 meters’ beam, creating a 1.5-square-meter aperture to allow two 100-ton soft slings to be inserted; these were then restrained and connected to two spreader beams. 
A floating crane was then mobilized to assist with the lift, initially loaded to 50 tons. The lifting bags were then inflated sequentially so as to provide a stable and as controlled lift as possible with the stresses on the vessel being monitored throughout by digital strain gauges at various locations on the hull. With all the bags inflated, the load on the crane was increased at five-ton increments, and at 105 tons on the crane the vessel slowly began to rise from the seabed. After the tank deck level was reached, approximately 400,000 liters of water was pumped out and the vessel was successfully refloated. All the salvage equipment was then removed from the hull and final preparations made for her transfer to Portsmouth Naval Base for restoration.

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