Crucial Mating Of Hibernia Topsides A Success
Operations involving the mating of the Hibernia topsides and the concrete Gravity Base Structure (GBS) in late February took place at Bull Arm, Trinity Bay, in Newfoundland, Canada. Mating the 40,000-ton topsides with the 605,000-ton GBS formed the completed Hibernia offshore oil production platform, and although similar operations have taken place many times in the North Sea, this was reportedly the first in North America. The platform has two main components: the massive concrete Gravity Base S t r u c t u re (GBS); and the topsides drilling and production systems. A third component of the platform is the crude oil loading system.
In order for the two components to be joined into one integrated unit, the topsides drilling and production facility was towed one mile from the assembly pier to the deepwater construction site, where the GBS is now positioned. At that point, the GBS was partially submerged so that only 20 ft. (6 m) of the 365 ft. ( I l l m) high structure was visible above the water line.
The mating went off rather smoothly, however, some higher than anticipated winds did cause a slight delay.
"We were somewhat concerned that the wind would be too high for our 10 knot criteria, but the forecast looked good," said Henk van Zante, Construction general manager with the Hibernia Management and Development Company Ltd. (HMDC). "We met with our insurance representatives early in the day to determine if we should proceed. We mutually agreed to wait until mid-afternoon to see if the winds would drop, as predicted by our weather forecaster, and by 5:00 p.m. NST the weather conditions were excellent.
"We started to move the topsides on two giant barges at 5:20 p.m. and within 45 minutes it had cleared the assembly pier. It then took six hours to tow the topsides to the GBS — a distance of 1.5 km. After the topsides were moved into position, water was pumped out of the GBS to allow it to begin lifting the topsides. What made this part of the operation even more spectacular was that the majority of it occurred under the cover of darkness, and it happened much quicker than was scheduled.
"This is one of the most important and challenging tasks involved with Hibernia construction, and the last major milestone before towout," said Mr. van Zante.
"In June, the platform is scheduled to be towed to the Hibernia offshore oil field, where it will be positioned on the sea floor," he added. The Hibernia oilfield is located on the Grand Banks of Newfoundland, 195 miles east southeast of St. John's. The field contains approximately three billion barrels of oil, of which 615 million barrels are estimated to be recoverable?^ The platform is scheduled to produce first oil in December.
A Promising Future The Hibernia field is owned by Mobil Oil Canada (33.1 percent), Chevron Canada Resources (26.8 percent), Petro-Canada (20 percent), Canada Hibernia Holding Corp. (8.5 percent), Murphy Oil (6.5 percent), and Norsk Hydro (5 percent).
Once the fixed production platform is installed offshore in June 1997, the completed platform will weigh approximately 1.2 million tons, and will stand more than 720 ft. (219 m) high. Development drilling will begin in August.A 50-ft. (15.2-m) thick ice belt provides protection from sea ice and icebergs which pass ^through the Grand Banks during the spring. The ice belt can withstand the impact of a multi-million ton iceberg, the size of which will only be witnessed once in 10,000 years.
The platform has a design production capacity of 150,000 bbls/day, and during plateau production will be producing an average of 135,000 bbls/day. This plateau period is expected to commence in 1999 and continue for a period of six years.