1919-Congress passed the National Prohibition Enforcement Act, otherwise known as the Volstead Act, on this date. The Volstead Act authorized the enforcement of the 18th Amendment, ratified on 29 January 1919. The Act authorized the Coast Guard to prevent the maritime importation of illegal alcohol. This led to the largest increase in the size and responsibilities of the service to that date. 1943-Choiseul, Treasury Islands landing (Coast Guard-manned LST-71 was in second echelon November 1, 1943). 1991-Thousands of Haitian migrants began fleeing their homeland after the overthrow of Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, prompting one of the largest SAR operations in Coast Guard history. Cutters and aircraft from as far north as New England converged on the Windward Passage. In the first 30 days of the operation, Coast Guard forces rescued more than 6,300 men, women, and children who left Haiti in grossly overloaded and unseaworthy vessels. 75 Coast Guard units ultimately took part in the massive SAR operation and by the end of the year over 40,000 Haitian migrants were rescued. (Source: USCG Historian’s Office)
On Friday, July 23, First Lady of the United States, Michelle Obama christened the U.S. Coast Guard Cutter Stratton, a vessel that was detail designed and production engineered by Northrop Grumman using ShipConstructor CAD/CAM software. Stratton is the first Coast Guard patrol cutter to be named after a woman in more than 20 years. The ship is named in honor of Dorothy Constance Stratton, the first female commissioned officer in Coast Guard history
An important milestone, and one of the first building projects in the $17 billion transformation of the U.S. Coast Guard, took place earlier this month at Bollinger Shipyards, Inc., Lockport, La., with the decommissioning of the 110-ft. Island Class Patrol Boat, USCG Matagorda. While seemingly contradictory, the vessel's decommissioning is only temporary as during the next nine months, it will undergo extensive modifications and re-emerge as a larger 123-ft
1836- A General Order from the Secretary of the Treasury prescribed that "Blue cloth be substituted for the uniform dress of the officers of the Revenue Cutter Service, instead of grey. . ." thereby ending a controversy that ad brewed for years regarding the uniforms of the Service. 1947- The first helicopter flight to the base "Little America" in Antarctica took place. The pilot was LT James A
1945-CGC Magnolia was rammed amidships on 25 August 1945 by the cargo ship SS Marguerite Lehand off Mobile Bay. She sank in two minutes and one of her crew was killed. The other 49 were rescued. Those survivors cross-decked to the new tender CGC Salvia (WAGL-400) which then took Magnolia's place. 1950-SS Benevolence collided with SS Mary Luckenbach. CGC Gresham and other vessels responded and rescued 407 persons.
1820-Landing parties from the cutters Louisiana and Alabama destroyed a pirate base on Breton Island. 1908- Congress authorized the creation of the Office of Captain-Commandant and Engineer in Chief. Additionally, commanding officers of vessels were authorized to administer oaths of allegiance and other oaths for service requirements in Alaska. 1944-The Coast Guard-manned destroyer escort USS Joyce
1820-The Revenue Cutter Louisiana captured four pirate vessels. 1893-"This was the first instance in the history of the United States Light-House Establishment in which a light-ship has foundered at her moorings," reported the Lighthouse Board, when Lightship No. 37 was lost in rough seas at her station at Five Fathom Bank off the entrance to Delaware Bay. Four of her six crew were lost in the tragedy.
1909- Burnt Island, Maine: The schooner Regina stranded five miles north of the station. The Life-Saving crew, in a small power boat, arrived at the same time as the tug Bismarck. After the tug had pulled her afloat, the keeper piloted them out into clear water. 1992- The CGC Storis' 3-inch/.50 caliber main battery was removed from the cutter. It was the last 3-inch/.50 caliber gun in service aboard any US warship. The 3-inch/
1898-USRC Hudson towed the crippled USS Winslow from certain destruction under the Spanish forts at Cardenas, Cuba during the Spanish-American War. Congress later conferred a Gold Medal of Honor on her commanding officer, Revenue First Lieutenant F. H. Newcomb. His officers and crew were awarded Silver and Bronze Medals. 1908-The Revenue Cutter Service was authorized to enforce Alaska game laws.
1919-First Lieutenant Elmer F. Stone, USCG, piloting the Navy's flying boat NC-4 in the first successful trans-Atlantic flight, landed in the Tagus River estuary near Lisbon, Portugal on 27 May 1919. Stone was decorated that same day by the Portuguese government with the Order of the Tower and Sword. 1936-Public Law 622 reorganized and changed the name of the Bureau of Navigation and Steamboat Inspection Service to Bureau of Marine Inspection and Navigation (49 Stat. L., 1380)
Today in U.S. Naval History - December 3 1775 - Lt. John Paul Jones raises the Grand Union flag on Alfred. First American flag raised over American naval vessel. 1940 - President Franklin D. Roosevelt embarks on USS Tuscaloosa (CA-37) to inspect bases acquired from Great Britain under
Today in U.S. Naval History - December 4 1918 - President Woodrow Wilson sails in USS George Washington for Paris Peace Conference. 1943 - Aircraft from USS Lexington (CV-16) and USS Independence (CVL-22) attack Kwajalein Atoll, sinking four Japanese ships and damaging five others
Today in U.S. Naval History - December 5 1843 - Launching of USS Michigan at Erie, Penn., America's first iron-hulled warship, as well as first prefabricated ship. 1941 - USS Lexington (CV-2) sails with Task Force 12 to ferry Marine aircraft to Midway, leaving no carriers at Pearl Harbor.
Today in U.S. Naval History: December 6 1830 - Naval Observatory, the first U.S. national observatory, established at Washington, D.C., under commander of Lieutenant Louis Malesherbes. 1901 - First report of Ship Model Basin at Washington Navy Yard issued by Naval Constructor David W
Today in U.S. Naval History - November 13 1776 - Capt. John Paul Jones in Alfred with brig Providence captures British transport Mellish, carrying winter uniforms later used by Washington's troops. 1942 - Loss of USS Juneau (CL-52) during Battle of Guadalcanal results in loss of Five
Today in U.S. Naval History - November 14 1846 - Naval forces capture Tampico, Mexico. 1910 - Civilian Eugene Ely pilots first aircraft to take-off from a ship, USS Birmingham (CL-2) at Hampton Roads, Va. He lands safely on Willoughby Spit, Norfolk, Va.
Today in U.S. Naval History - November 15 1882 - Lt. Crd. French Chadwick reports to American Legation in London as first Naval Attache. 1942 - Although U.S. lost several ships in Naval Battle of Guadalcanal, Naval Force under Rear Admiral Willlis Lee, USS Washington (BB-56)
Today in U.S. Naval history - November 18 1890 - USS Maine, first American battleship, is launched. 1922 – Cdr. Kenneth Whiting in a PT seaplane, makes first catapult launching from aircraft carrier, USS Langley, at anchor in the York River.
Today in U.S. Naval History - November 19 1813 - Capt. David Porter claims Marquesas Islands for the United States. 1943 - Carrier force attacks bases on Tarawa and Makin begun. 1943 - USS Nautilus (SS-168) enters Tarawa lagoon in first submarine photograph reconnaissance mission.
Today in U.S. Naval History - November 20 1856 - Cdr. Andrew H. Foote lands at Canton, China, with 287 Sailors and Marines to stop attacks by Chinese on U.S. military and civilians. 1917 - USS Kanawha, Noma and Wakiva sink German sub off France.
Today in U.S. Naval History - November 25 1775 - Continental Congress authorizes privateering. 1943 - In Battle of Cape St. George, five destroyers of Destroyer Squadron 23 (Captain Arleigh Burke) intercept five Japanese destroyers and sink three and damage one without suffering any damage
Today in U.S. Naval History - November 26 1847 - Lt. William Lynch in Supply sails from New York to Haifa for an expedition to the River Jordan and the Dead Sea. His group charted the Jordan River from the Sea of Galilee to the Dead Sea and compiled reports of the flora and fauna of the area
Today in U.S. Naval History - November 27 1941 - Chief of Naval Operations sends "war warning" to commanders of Pacific and Asiatic Fleets. 1961 - Navy reports first use of its cyclotron at Harvard University to treat a human brain tumor
Canadian Government ministers have announced the arrival in Canada of the new hovercraft to be stationed at Sea Island in Richmond, British Columbia – the 'CCGS Moytel'. The new hovercraft will be named the CCGS Moytel. Moytel is a Halq’emélem word meaning “to help each
Today in U.S. Naval History - December 2 1775 - Congress orders first officers commissions printed. 1908 - Rear Admiral William S. Cowles submits report, prepared by Lt. George C. Sweet, recommending purchase of aircraft suitable for operating from naval ships on scouting and observation