1919-Congress passed the National Prohibition Enforcement Act, otherwise known as the Volstead Act, on this date. The Volstead Act authorized the enforcement of the 18th Amendment, ratified on 29 January 1919. The Act authorized the Coast Guard to prevent the maritime importation of illegal alcohol. This led to the largest increase in the size and responsibilities of the service to that date. 1943-Choiseul, Treasury Islands landing (Coast Guard-manned LST-71 was in second echelon November 1, 1943). 1991-Thousands of Haitian migrants began fleeing their homeland after the overthrow of Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, prompting one of the largest SAR operations in Coast Guard history. Cutters and aircraft from as far north as New England converged on the Windward Passage. In the first 30 days of the operation, Coast Guard forces rescued more than 6,300 men, women, and children who left Haiti in grossly overloaded and unseaworthy vessels. 75 Coast Guard units ultimately took part in the massive SAR operation and by the end of the year over 40,000 Haitian migrants were rescued. (Source: USCG Historian’s Office)
On Friday, July 23, First Lady of the United States, Michelle Obama christened the U.S. Coast Guard Cutter Stratton, a vessel that was detail designed and production engineered by Northrop Grumman using ShipConstructor CAD/CAM software. Stratton is the first Coast Guard patrol cutter to be named after a woman in more than 20 years. The ship is named in honor of Dorothy Constance Stratton, the first female commissioned officer in Coast Guard history
An important milestone, and one of the first building projects in the $17 billion transformation of the U.S. Coast Guard, took place earlier this month at Bollinger Shipyards, Inc., Lockport, La., with the decommissioning of the 110-ft. Island Class Patrol Boat, USCG Matagorda. While seemingly contradictory, the vessel's decommissioning is only temporary as during the next nine months, it will undergo extensive modifications and re-emerge as a larger 123-ft
1836- A General Order from the Secretary of the Treasury prescribed that "Blue cloth be substituted for the uniform dress of the officers of the Revenue Cutter Service, instead of grey. . ." thereby ending a controversy that ad brewed for years regarding the uniforms of the Service. 1947- The first helicopter flight to the base "Little America" in Antarctica took place. The pilot was LT James A
1945-CGC Magnolia was rammed amidships on 25 August 1945 by the cargo ship SS Marguerite Lehand off Mobile Bay. She sank in two minutes and one of her crew was killed. The other 49 were rescued. Those survivors cross-decked to the new tender CGC Salvia (WAGL-400) which then took Magnolia's place. 1950-SS Benevolence collided with SS Mary Luckenbach. CGC Gresham and other vessels responded and rescued 407 persons.
1792- Congress authorized the revenue cutters to fire on merchant ships that refused to "bring to." 1799- Congress authorized that "Revenue Cutters shall, whenever the President of the United States shall so direct, cooperate with the Navy of the United States during which time they shall be under the direction of the Secretary of the Navy, and the expenses thereof shall be defrayed by the agents of the Navy Department."
1945- The Coast Guard Cutter USCG 83434 became the first and only cutter to host an official surrender ceremony when Imperial Japanese Army Second Lieutenant Kinichi Yamada surrendered the garrison of Aguijan Island on board this Coast Guard 83-footer. Rear Admiral Marshall R. Greer, USN, accepted the surrender for the United States. (Source: USCG Historian’s Office)
1863- The cutter Agassiz defended the Union-held Fort Anderson at New Bern, North Carolina, from a Confederate attack. 1902- All but one of the members of the crew of the Monomoy (Massachusetts) Life-Saving Station perished during the attempted rescue of the crew of the wrecked coal barge Wadenaduring a terrible winter gale. The dead included the keeper of the station, Marshall N. Eldridge, and six of his surfmen
* 1867- Alaska purchase treaty signed with Russia. * 1942- By Presidential proclamation, the Coast Guard was designated as a service of the Navy to be administered by the Commandant of Coast Guard under the direction of the Secretary of the Navy, similar to the administration of the Marine Corps. Source: www.uscg.mil
1898-USRC Hudson towed the crippled USS Winslow from certain destruction under the Spanish forts at Cardenas, Cuba during the Spanish-American War. Congress later conferred a Gold Medal of Honor on her commanding officer, Revenue First Lieutenant F. H. Newcomb. His officers and crew were awarded Silver and Bronze Medals. 1908-The Revenue Cutter Service was authorized to enforce Alaska game laws.
Today in U.S. Naval History: April 16 1863 - Union gunboats pass Confederate batteries at Vicksburg 1924 - Navy commences relief operations in Mississippi Valley floods, lasting until June 16 1947 - Act of Congress gives Navy Nurse Corps members commissioned rank
Serious crashes in the bustling Bay of Galveston have fallen to the lowest level in a decade even as more oil moves on U.S. waterways, official data show, suggesting that better training and equipment are helping avert spills like one in March.
The US Coast Guard informs that Rear Adm. Charles W. Ray will relieve Vice Adm. Paul F. Zukunft (US Coast Guard Commander designate) as Commander, Coast Guard Pacific Area and Coast Guard Defense Forces West, in a change-of-command ceremony at Coast Guard Island in Alameda.
Today in U.S. Naval History - April 17 1778 - Sloop-in-war Ranger captures British brig For more information about naval history, visit the Naval History and Heritage Command website at history.navy.mil.
Today in U.S. Naval History - April 1 1893 - Navy General Order 409 of February 25, 1893 establishes the rate of Chief Petty Officer as of this date. 1917 - Boatswain's Mate 1/c John I. Eopolucci, a Naval Armed Guard on board the steamship Aztec
Today in U.S. Naval History - April 2 1781 - Frigate Alliance captures two British privateers, Mars and Minerva 1827 - First Naval Hospital construction begun at Portsmouth, Va. 1947 - UN places former Japanese mandated islands under U.S. trusteeship
Today in U.S. Naval History - April 3 1797 - Capt. Thomas Truxtun issued first known American signal book using numerary system 1942 - Adm. Nimitz named Commander-in-Chief, Pacific Ocean Areas, a joint command, and retained his other title, Commander-in-Chief, Pacific Fleet
Today in U.S. Naval History - April 4 1776 - Continental Navy frigate Columbus captures HM Tender Hawke, first American capture of British armed vessel 1854 - Sailors and Marines from sailing sloop, Plymouth, protect U.S. citizens at Shanghai
Today in U.S. Naval History: April 7 1776 - Continental brig Lexington captures British Edward 1917 - Navy takes control of all wireless radio stations in the U.S. 1942 - Navy accepts African Americans for general service 1945 - Carrier aircraft defeat last Japanese Navy sortie (Battle
Today in U.S. Naval History - April 8 1925 - First planned night landings on a carrier, USS Langley, by VF-1 1950 - Unarmed Navy patrol aircraft shot down over Baltic Sea by USSR 1951 - First of four detonations, Operation Greenhouse nuclear test
Today in U.S. Naval History - April 9 1861 - Second relief convoy for Fort Sumter left New York 1941 - Commissioning of USS North Carolina, which carried nine 16-inch guns 1943 - Reestablishment of Commodore rank 1959 - Selection of first 7 Mercury astronauts
Today in U.S. Naval History - April 10 1941 - USS Niblack, while rescuing survivors of torpedoed ship, depth charged German submarine; first action of WW II between U.S. and German navies 1963 - During diving tests, USS Thresher lost with all hands (112 crew and 17 civilians) east of Cape Cod
Today in U.S. Naval History - April 11 1783 - Congress declares end of war with Great Britain 1900 - Navy accepted its first submarine, USS Holland 1970 - Launch of Apollo 13, commanded by Capt. James A. Lovell, Jr., USN. Former naval aviator Fred W. Haise, Jr. was the Lunar Module Pilot
Today in U.S. Naval History - April 14 1898 - Commissioning of first Post Civil War hospital ship, USS Solace 1969 - North Korean aircraft shoots down Navy EC-121 reconnaissance aircraft from VQ-1 over the Sea of Japan 1988 - USS Samuel B. Roberts struck Iranian mine off Qatar
Today in U.S. Naval History: April 15 1885 - Naval forces land at Panama to protect American interests during revolution 1912 - USS Chester and USS Salem sailed from MA to assist RMS Titanic survivors 1918 - First Marine Aviation Force formed at Marine Flying Field, Miami, Fla.