1919-Congress passed the National Prohibition Enforcement Act, otherwise known as the Volstead Act, on this date. The Volstead Act authorized the enforcement of the 18th Amendment, ratified on 29 January 1919. The Act authorized the Coast Guard to prevent the maritime importation of illegal alcohol. This led to the largest increase in the size and responsibilities of the service to that date. 1943-Choiseul, Treasury Islands landing (Coast Guard-manned LST-71 was in second echelon November 1, 1943). 1991-Thousands of Haitian migrants began fleeing their homeland after the overthrow of Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, prompting one of the largest SAR operations in Coast Guard history. Cutters and aircraft from as far north as New England converged on the Windward Passage. In the first 30 days of the operation, Coast Guard forces rescued more than 6,300 men, women, and children who left Haiti in grossly overloaded and unseaworthy vessels. 75 Coast Guard units ultimately took part in the massive SAR operation and by the end of the year over 40,000 Haitian migrants were rescued. (Source: USCG Historian’s Office)
On Friday, July 23, First Lady of the United States, Michelle Obama christened the U.S. Coast Guard Cutter Stratton, a vessel that was detail designed and production engineered by Northrop Grumman using ShipConstructor CAD/CAM software. Stratton is the first Coast Guard patrol cutter to be named after a woman in more than 20 years. The ship is named in honor of Dorothy Constance Stratton, the first female commissioned officer in Coast Guard history
An important milestone, and one of the first building projects in the $17 billion transformation of the U.S. Coast Guard, took place earlier this month at Bollinger Shipyards, Inc., Lockport, La., with the decommissioning of the 110-ft. Island Class Patrol Boat, USCG Matagorda. While seemingly contradictory, the vessel's decommissioning is only temporary as during the next nine months, it will undergo extensive modifications and re-emerge as a larger 123-ft
1836- A General Order from the Secretary of the Treasury prescribed that "Blue cloth be substituted for the uniform dress of the officers of the Revenue Cutter Service, instead of grey. . ." thereby ending a controversy that ad brewed for years regarding the uniforms of the Service. 1947- The first helicopter flight to the base "Little America" in Antarctica took place. The pilot was LT James A
1945-CGC Magnolia was rammed amidships on 25 August 1945 by the cargo ship SS Marguerite Lehand off Mobile Bay. She sank in two minutes and one of her crew was killed. The other 49 were rescued. Those survivors cross-decked to the new tender CGC Salvia (WAGL-400) which then took Magnolia's place. 1950-SS Benevolence collided with SS Mary Luckenbach. CGC Gresham and other vessels responded and rescued 407 persons.
1820-Landing parties from the cutters Louisiana and Alabama destroyed a pirate base on Breton Island. 1908- Congress authorized the creation of the Office of Captain-Commandant and Engineer in Chief. Additionally, commanding officers of vessels were authorized to administer oaths of allegiance and other oaths for service requirements in Alaska. 1944-The Coast Guard-manned destroyer escort USS Joyce
1820-The Revenue Cutter Louisiana captured four pirate vessels. 1893-"This was the first instance in the history of the United States Light-House Establishment in which a light-ship has foundered at her moorings," reported the Lighthouse Board, when Lightship No. 37 was lost in rough seas at her station at Five Fathom Bank off the entrance to Delaware Bay. Four of her six crew were lost in the tragedy.
1909- Burnt Island, Maine: The schooner Regina stranded five miles north of the station. The Life-Saving crew, in a small power boat, arrived at the same time as the tug Bismarck. After the tug had pulled her afloat, the keeper piloted them out into clear water. 1992- The CGC Storis' 3-inch/.50 caliber main battery was removed from the cutter. It was the last 3-inch/.50 caliber gun in service aboard any US warship. The 3-inch/
1898-USRC Hudson towed the crippled USS Winslow from certain destruction under the Spanish forts at Cardenas, Cuba during the Spanish-American War. Congress later conferred a Gold Medal of Honor on her commanding officer, Revenue First Lieutenant F. H. Newcomb. His officers and crew were awarded Silver and Bronze Medals. 1908-The Revenue Cutter Service was authorized to enforce Alaska game laws.
1919-First Lieutenant Elmer F. Stone, USCG, piloting the Navy's flying boat NC-4 in the first successful trans-Atlantic flight, landed in the Tagus River estuary near Lisbon, Portugal on 27 May 1919. Stone was decorated that same day by the Portuguese government with the Order of the Tower and Sword. 1936-Public Law 622 reorganized and changed the name of the Bureau of Navigation and Steamboat Inspection Service to Bureau of Marine Inspection and Navigation (49 Stat. L., 1380)
Today in U.S. Naval History - March 4 1911 - Appropriation of first funds for experiments in naval aviation. 1925 - Congress authorizes restoration of USS Constitution. 1947 - Operation Highjump, air operations in Antarctica, ends.
Today in U.S. Naval History - March 5 1942 - Name "Seabees" and insignia officially authorized 1943 - USS Bogue begins first anti-submarine operations by escort carrier. 1960 - USS Newport News (CA-148) and personnel from Port Lyautey complete emergency relief operatons at Agadir
Today in U.S. Naval Hostory - March 6 1822 - USS Enterprise captures four pirate ships in Gulf of Mexico 1862 - USS Monitor departed New York for Hampton Roads, Va. 1942 - U.S. Cruisers and destroyers bombard Vila and Munda, Solomon Islands, sinking two Japanese destroyers
Today in U.S. Naval History - March 7 1958 - Commissioning of USS Grayback, first submarine built from keel up with guided missile capability, to fire Regulus II missile. 1960 - USS Kearsarge (CVS-33) rescues four Russian soldiers from their landing craft 1,000 miles from Midway Island
Today in U.S. Naval History - February 21 1944 - Marines with support of naval bombardment and carrier aircraft secure Eniwetok atoll 1945 - USS Bismarck Sea (CVE-95) struck by a kamikaze off Iwo Jima and sunk in 90 minutes with loss of 318 men
Today in U.S. Naval History - February 24 1813 - USS Hornet, Captain James Lawrence, captures HMS Peacock 1968 - Task Force Clearwater established in I Corps For more information about naval history, visit the Naval History and Heritage Command website at history.navy.mil
A national maritime charity is set to publish a commemorative book in celebration of its 150th anniversary and is calling for people to come forward with their stories and memories. The Royal Alfred Seafarers’ Society, based in Banstead in Surrey
Today in U.S. Naval History - February 25 1861 - Saratoga, member of U.S. African Squadron, captures slaver sloop Express 1933 - Launch of USS Ranger, first U.S. ship designed as an aircraft carrier before the keel was laid 1959 - USS Galveston fires first Talos surface-to-air missile
Today in U.S. Naval History - February 26 1811 - Congress authorizes first naval hospital 1913 - Approval of experimental wind tunnel for Navy 1944 - Sue Sophia Dauser, Superintendent of the Navy's Nurse Corps is first woman in Navy to receive rank of Captain.
Today in U.S. Naval History - February 27 1942 - Battle of the Java Sea, Allied Naval Force attacks Japanese invasion convoy 1973 - First airborne mine sweep in a live minefield took place in the Haiphong, Vietnam ship channel by helicopters from Helicopter Mine Countermeasures Squadron
The Coast Guard Foundation, a non-profit organization committed to the education and welfare of all Coast Guard members and their families, announced today that its 21st Annual Tribute to the United States Coast Guard Eighth District will take place on Friday, March 14, 2014 in New Orleans
Today in U.S. Naval History - February 28 1844 - Explosion of Peacemaker, experimental 14 inch gun, on board USS Princeton. 1893 - Launching of USS Indiana (BB-1), first true battleship in U.S. Navy. 1959 - USS Strong rescues 13 Arab fishermen from Bahrain when their fishing boats
The Coast Guard Foundation, a nonprofit organization committed to the education and welfare of all Coast Guard members and their families, announced today that its 21st Annual Tribute to the United States Coast Guard Eighth District will take place on Friday, March 14, 2014 in New Orleans
Today in U.S. Naval History - March 3 1776 - First amphibious landing operation. Continental naval squadron under Commodore Esek Hopkins lands Sailors and Marines, commanded by Captain Samuel Nicholas, on New Providence Island in the Bahamas, capturing urgently-needed ordnance and gunpowder.
Jeh Charles Johnson, Secretary of Homeland Security, announced on February 28th that Paul F. Zukunft has been nominated by President Obama to be the 25th Commandant of the U.S. Coast Guard. His nomination requires Senate confirmation. Johnson said last Friday