The United States Coast Guard
has published a free resource CD-ROM that brings comprehensive chemical information
to the fingertips of fire and safety service personnel responding to a hazardous materials incident
. Users can search the database by a substance's color, odor, and physical appearance and use the data to plan for a safe and effective response. Chemicals
are rated according to health risk, flammability, and reactivity, among other factors, using data from several sources.
The CD-ROM, known as CHRIS+, contains several databases of chemical, physical, thermodynamic, toxicological, and fire properties. It includes:
Chemical Hazards Response Information System (CHRIS), the Coast Guard's database of over 1,300 chemicals and mixtures;
The National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health
(NIOSH) Pocket Guide, a database of physical and health data for a wide range of chemicals;
Emergency Response Guidebook (ERG), the Department of Transportation
's guide to response to releases of hazardous materials [ERG2004];
Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) First Responder's Guide, the Coast Guard's advice for responders to WMD incidents.
The CD-ROM also includes incident response advice, guidelines, and forms, including the National Response Plan.