Marine Link
Tuesday, February 21, 2017

Lubrizol and Caterpillar Codeveloping Low-Emission Diesel Fuel

The Lubrizol Corporation and Caterpillar Inc. are developing a low-emission diesel fuel designed for use in commercial service diesel engines. This unique fuel technology utilizes Lubrizol's performance chemistry and system capabilities and Caterpillar's diesel engine combustion and emissions knowledge. The new fuel will be sold by fuel marketers and distributors and supported by fully integrated chemical, electronic and mechanical components sold by Lubrizol under the name PuriNOx Performance Systems. PuriNOx fuel is a stable blend of additives, water and commercial diesel fuel. Tests indicate, when compared to commercial diesel fuel, PuriNOx fuel significantly reduces two of the most critical emissions from compression ignition diesel engines - nitrogen oxides (NOx) and particulates.

Despite Price Drop, Bunker Costs Still Hamper Shipping

The cost of marine fuel continues to be a major headache for global shipping companies. Bunker fuel costs account for approximately 70 per cent of the total voyage expenditure for a vessel and ship operators prefer purchasing bunker fuel from ports where the cost is lower. Some operators prefer purchasing a major portion of the total fuel requirement for the voyage from a single port which offers bunker fuel at economical prices. However, this is not an industry-wide scenario as other operators may spread the total fuel purchase over numerous ports. Fuel utilised by shipping companies for fuelling their marine fleet is commonly referred to as bunker fuel. Currently, fuel oil is the most widely used bunker fuel.

Bunker Fuel Market Poised 460 million tons by 2020

Image: GAC Bunker Fuel

Transparency Market Research launched its latest study on the global bunker fuel market, in terms of revenue and volume. The report predicts that the global bunker fuel market is likely to reach an estimated volume of 460 million tons by 2020. The market, therefore, is poised to exhibit a moderate 3.1% CAGR during 2014-2020, expanding from 372.30 million tons in 2013. Bunker fuel is a fractionally distilled liquid fuel derived from crude oil. Also known as fuel oil, the substance can be classified on the basis of its chemical composition, intended purpose, and boiling point.

USCG Marine Safety Alert

The U.S. Coast Guard issued a marine safety alert today to remind vessel owners and operators to establish effective fuel oil changeover procedures during efforts to comply with MARPOL Annex VI emission regulations. The USCG said that several recent incidents of fuel leakages during changeovers prompted the alert. The USCG cited multiple unspecified incidents involving substantial machinery space fuel leakages that occurred while vessels were switching fuel oil to ultra low sulfur (ULS) fuel oil to ensure compliance with MARPOL Annex VI, Regulation 14.3.4. The new regulations, which came into effect on January 1, lowered maximum fuel sulfur content from 1.0% to .10%.

Algae-X — Optimal Fuel and Oil Quality

Created with the premise of reversing the process of fuel breakdown, Algae-X's fuel conditioning process optimizes fuel droplet size, which is designed to result in combustion efficiency, improved filterability, as well as lower operating costs. Based in Fort Meyers, Fla., Algae-X provides upgrades to the combustion process of engines and turbines. According to the company, improved combustion saves fuel and reduces carbon deposits, smoke, harmful emissions and maintenance. In addition, the company also works to preserve fuel once it is stored and can also improve its filterability. These improvements also contribute to the reversion of sludge build up, prevention of tank cleaning and the enhancement of oil/water separation.

Marine Safety Alert: Propulsion Loss, Fuel Switching

Ships switch fuel oil from residual fuels to distillate fuels in order to reduce emissions. The Coast Guard expects ships will switch fuel more frequently to comply with new emission reduction regulations. When switching fuel oil, some ships have experienced propulsion losses linked to procedural errors or fuel oil incompatibility. API developed a paper titled “Technical Considerations of Fuel Switching Practices” that discusses problems that lead to propulsion loss while switching fuel. It is available at http://marineinvestigations.us. This document may be useful to vessel owners, operators, and engineers interested in preventing fuel system failures and propulsion casualties while meeting current and future exhaust emission control requirements.

California OGV Fuel Regulations Under Review

Photo: Port of Los Angeles

The California Air Resources Board (ARB) issued an advisory to owners or operators of oceangoing vessels visiting California ports offering guidance for complying with the state’s fuel regulations during the Air Resources Board Sunset review process. The California Oceangoing Vessel (OGV) Fuel Regulation includes a sunset provision which states that the requirements of the California OGV Fuel Regulation will cease to apply if the United States adopts and enforces requirements…

Matson Decreases Fuel Surcharge by One Percentage Point

As a result of recent declines in bunker fuel prices, Matson Navigation Company will lower its fuel surcharge in its Hawaii, Guam/CNMI and Micronesia services by one percentage point, from 19.75 percent to 18.75 percent, effective November 5, 2006. "Bunker fuel prices continue to decrease, allowing us to make this second consecutive reduction to our fuel surcharge," said Dave Hoppes, senior vice president, ocean services. We will continue to monitor fuel costs and adjust the fuel surcharge accordingly. While fuel prices remain volatile, we are hopeful this current trend will continue."

Matson Raises Fuel Surcharge

Last week, due to dramatic increases in fuel prices, Matson Navigation Company, Inc. (Matson) announced that it is raising its fuel surcharge from 6.5 to 7.5 percent in its Hawaii and Guam services effective September 15, 2003. "As anyone who drives a car is well aware, fuel prices have been rising steadily in recent months," said Dave Hoppes, vice president, ocean services. "For transportation companies, the costs are especially significant. Matson burns approximately 1.9 million barrels of fuel annually. For every dollar increase per barrel of bunker fuel, Matson experiences an approximate $1.9 million increase in annual operating costs. We cannot continue to absorb these additional fuel-related operating costs.

ExxonMobil Applauds High Viscosity Fuel Tests

ExxonMobil Marine Fuels (EMMF), says it has been greatly encouraged by customer response to the quality of its 500 cSt fuel. Orient Line's (NOL) large containerships. than lighter ones. competitors. Singapore fuel and a competitor's 380cSt Singapore fuel. performance. they did with the 380cSt fuel. 500cSt fuel was also confirmed as marginal. savings were made. and a Singapore competitor's fuel ordered at 380cSt but supplied at 225cSt. considerations with all fuel supplied by EMMF.

ValvTect Completes Fuel Tank Testing at 600+ Marinas

Fuel storage tanks at Certified ValvTect Marinas are tested for water, bacteria and other contamination up to twice a year.

Unfortunately, it is all too common for gasoline and diesel storage tanks at marinas to contain excess water and other contaminants such as bacteria and debris. These contaminants can be pumped into boaters’ fuel tanks and can cause an engine to shut down or cause permanent damage. The presence of ethanol gasoline, ultra low sulfur diesel fuel and biodiesel makes this situation even worse. To combat this problem, all Certified ValvTect Marinas must have their fuel tanks tested…

ALGAE-X®Technology Now Available in South Africa

South Africa. Clear Fuel Technologies President Ron Mattig, is introducing ALGAE-X® Magnetic Fuel Conditioners and the AFC-705 Fuel Catalyst to his network of distributors in the Trucking, Power Generation, Mining, Agriculture and Commercial Marine industries. ALGAE-X® Technology is reported to improve and maintain the quality of diesel fuel, hydraulic oil and other distillate fuels, preventing tank sludge and clogged filters. Improved combustibility of the fuel, which provides more efficient engine operation, extended injector life, reduced fuel consumption, lower emissions, and elimination of carbon deposits. More reliable filtration systems with longer fuel filter change intervals and eliminates tank cleaning.

Purvin & Gertz Residual Fuel Market Outlook

Purvin & Gertz announced the completion of the Residual Fuel Market Outlook: Impact of Bunker Quality Changes on Marine Fuels & Refining. This comprehensive study includes an analysis of the issues, balances and economics of bunker fuel, stationary fuel oil and residual refinery feedstocks. Emissions limits agreed by the International Maritime Organization (IMO) and rapidly being adopted by nations will change marine bunker fuel qualities and indeed the type of fuel consumed. This report provides insight into the complex inter-industry compliance issue. The possible adoption of onboard ship scrubbing is analyzed in the study through two compliance scenarios, each providing a complete balance and pricing analysis.

Wärtsilä to Supply Dual-Fuel Engines for Korean LNG Carriers

Wärtsilä has received an order from Hyundai Heavy Industries Co. Ltd. of Korea to supply four sets of Wärtsilä 50DF dual-fuel engines to power a series of 155,000 m3 dual-fuel-electric LNG carriers, with an option on four more sets. The ships were ordered last month by BP Shipping of the UK and are scheduled for delivery from Hyundai Heavy Industries' shipyard in Ulsan and Hyundai Samho Heavy Industries' shipyard in Mokpo from the middle of 2007 onwards. Each ship will be equipped with two twelve- and two nine-cylinder Wärtsilä 50DF dual-fuel engines with an aggregate power of 39.9 MW. Delivery of these engines from Wärtsilä's Trieste factory will commence in early 2006.

Cleaner Maritime Air for North America Comes Soon

Image credit EPA

On the operative day the sulfur content of the fuel oil used on board ships operating within the ECA may not exceed 1.00 percent m/m (10,000 ppm). The boundaries of the North American ECA are defined in IMO MEPC.1/Circ.723 . The US EPA has issued Interim Guidance on the Non-Availability of Compliant Fuel Oil for the North American ECA and more information is also available on the US EPA website.

EMMF: Getting Heavy With Bunkers

Higher viscosity bunker fuels do not automatically contain more harmful elements than lighter ones, according to ExxonMobil Marine Fuels (EMMF), which has recently been supplying 500 centiStokes fuel in response to customer demand. Emphasizing that quality and safety must be prime considerations with all fuel supplied, irrespective of viscosity, EMMF says the two crucial prerequisites for using 500 cSt fuel are the ability to heat it to a sufficiently high temperature to inject it into the vessels' engines, and the provision of purification equipment able to deal with the higher specific gravity of the product. The fuel must be maintained above its minimum pumping viscosity while in storage awaiting use.

MARAD Evaluates Natural Gas v. Conventional Fuel Emissions

LNG Fuelling Wharf: Rendering courtesy of Harvey Gulf

The Maritime Administration (MARAD) informs it has released a study that evaluates total fuel cycle emissions for natural gas versus conventional marine fuels. This study was conducted as a part of MARAD’s Maritime Environmental & Technology Assistance program, which focuses efforts on emerging marine transportation and environmental issues. Results of the study showed that the use of natural gas as a propulsion fuel can reduce air quality pollutants and reduce major greenhouse gas emissions when compared to conventional fuels.

ExxonMobil's Marine Fuels Meet the ISO Standards

requirements of the new ISO Marine Fuel specifications. Specifications of Marine Fuels. the standard by which marine fuel oils are traded internationally. quality programme. 'ExxonMobil Marine Fuels Specifications' (effective 1 January 2006). and Singapore.

Marine Safety Alert: Fuel Switching Safety

A Marine Safety Alert was issued to increase awareness and reiterate general guidance on fuel systems and fuel switching safety in an effort to prevent propulsion losses. After a noted decrease, there has been a recent increase in the number of reported loss of propulsion incidents on deep draft vessels within the Eleventh Coast Guard District. Coast Guard studies and review of marine casualties indicate that lack of maintenance and testing of certain systems, including fuel oil systems, is one of the leading causes of propulsion failures. Advanced planning and careful fuel system management are critical to safely switching fuels. This is especially important if fuel switching is not routine practice.

Fuel Polishing System by ALGAE-X International

 the SMART FPS Compact stabilizes fuel, keeping it in pristine, “clear & bright” condition.

SMART FPS Compact Fuel Polishing System by ALGAE-X International. ALGAE-X International (AXI), a Florida-based manufacturer of diesel fuel quality optimization technology, has announced the release of the SMART FPS Compact Fuel Polishing System. Used in applications where engine reliability is important, like emergency generators and recreational or commercial marine, the SMART FPS Compact stabilizes fuel, keeping it in pristine, “clear & bright” condition. The SMART FPS Compact is the perfect solution for removing water…

New Diesel Fuel Quality Sensor from CMR

NIRIS (Photo: CMR Group)

According to engine control and instrumentation specialists CMR Group, significant fuel savings can be achieved by diesel engine owners and marine vessel operators using the world’s first commercial high horsepower diesel fuel quality sensor. The new Near Infrared Intelligent Sensor (NIRISTM) has been developed to detect fuel parameters through advanced hydro carbon profiling which measures the molecular structure of fuel. This allows real time optimization of injection, combustion and post-treatment for all types of fuel, including bio-fuels.

Getting the Best from Bunkers: WSS Advise

Jonas Östlund: Photo WSS

Wilhelmsen Ships Service (WSS) apprises that it has responded to changes in the marine bunker market with a campaign that aims to help shipowners get the best from their residual and distillate fuels. A consistent reduction in the quality of fuels available to shipowners, the need to comply with IMO and EU regulations on sulfur content and the adoption of slow steaming have created a ‘perfect storm’ of operational and compliance requirements, according to Jonas Östlund, Product Marketing Manager, Marine Chemicals, WSS.

Potential Problems with ECA-busting Low Sulphur Fuels

Jonas Östlund (Photo: WSS)

New 0.1% sulphur limits in emission control areas (ECA) have increased the use of distillate fuels, but without careful management and treatment, they can cause significant harm to engines, according to Wilhelmsen Ships Service (WSS) experts. Distillate fuels can cause blockages in fuel lines, in addition to damaging fuel pumps and injectors and in some cases contribute to the loss of engine power, according to Jonas Östlund, Product Marketing Manager Marine Chemicals, WSS. “If you are aware of the fuel’s basic properties and limitations…

Maritime Reporter Magazine Cover Feb 2017 - The Cruise Industry Edition

Maritime Reporter and Engineering News’ first edition was published in New York City in 1883 and became our flagship publication in 1939. It is the world’s largest audited circulation magazine serving the global maritime industry, delivering more insightful editorial and news to more industry decision makers than any other source.

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