The International Maritime Organization
(IMO) will continue its work to review and overhaul the international regulatory framework relating
to maritime security next week during the 84th session of the Organization's Legal Committee (IMO
Headquarters, London, April 22 - 26).
Following the unanimous adoption last November by the IMO Assembly
of resolution A.924(22) calling
for a review of measures and procedures to prevent acts of terrorism which threaten the security of
passengers and crews and the safety of ships, the Legal Committee will begin its detailed review of
the 1988 Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Maritime Navigation(SUA Convention) and its related Protocol.
Among a number of submissions on the topic, the Committee is set to consider a comparison made by
the United States between the SUA Convention and the more recent United Nations International
Convention for the Suppression of Terrorist Bombings (STB Convention). Among the issues to be
discussed are proposals to incorporate a number of additional offences into the SUA Convention.
At the request of the Maritime Safety Committee's Intersessional Working Group (ISWG) on Maritime
Security, which met in February this year, the Committee will also be considering how best to
define the terms "ownership" and "control" of ships in the context of maritime security. In
discussing the provision of information on ships, their cargos and the people on board, the ISWG
had agreed that transparency of ownership and control of the ship was desirable, bearing in mind
that many IMO instruments place responsibilities on the shipowner. The guidance provided by the
Legal Committee will assist in the development of guidelines on disclosure of information related
to ownership and control of ships consistent with the preservation of rights which ensure the
continued efficiency of commercial navigation.
Quite apart from the pressing issues of terrorism and maritime security, the Legal Committee is
also expected to examine a draft protocol to establish a voluntary third tier of compensation for oil pollution victims, supplementary to the International Oil Pollution Compensation (IOPC) Fund Convention, 1992. The draft protocol has been prepared under the aegis of the IOPC Fund and the IMO Assembly has agreed to it being considered by a diplomatic conference in 2003. In line with
standard IMO practice, the draft protocol must first be approved by the Legal Committee. The new
treaty, once it is adopted and enters into force, will enhance considerably the provision of
adequate compensation to victims of oil pollution damage in more serious incidents.
Other items on a busy agenda for the Legal Committee include
issues relating to the legal framework surrounding IMO's work on places of refuge, the continuation of work towards a draft convention of wreck removal and further steps to ensure the soonest possible implementation of the HNS Convention, which forms a vital link in the compensatory regime for pollution damage at sea. The Committee will also be discussing the arrangements for the diplomatic conference on the Athens Protocol, which will be held back-to-back with the 85th session of the Legal Committee in October 2002.