Meyer Werft Delivers Cruise Vessel Oriana
On April 2, the 69,153 gt cruise liner Oriana was delivered by Meyer Werft shipyard of Papenburg, Germany, to P&O Cruises, London. The vessel was scheduled to be christened by Queen Elizabeth II in Southampton on April 6th. Oriana is the fastest cruise liner built for a quarter of a century, capable of speeds up to 25 knots. Her high speed and technically advanced hull design will enable her to operate a far-reaching itinerary.
The cruise liner's maiden cruise was scheduled for April 9, where she was to sail from homeport Southampton to the Canary Islands, Morocco, Gibraltar and Portugal. She will carry out 16 European and Caribbean cruises during the remainder of 1995 before sailing an around the world voyage in January 1996.
Oriana was built under the survey of Lloyd's Register of Shipping, and has the class notation: 100 A 1 "Passenger Ship," LMC, CCS. The vessel complies with SOLAS requirements for number of lifeboats and fire protection standards. All areas of the ship are monitored, with 3,700 fire detectors in all. By means of the addressable detectors it is possible to exactly locate any fire alarm from the bridge, the engine control room and the fire control room. The public address system and the alarm plant of the vessel comply with the regulations of the U.K. Marine Safety Agency. A total amplifier output of 20,000 watts is available for announcements and alarms.
Oriana's integrated bridge system, NACOS 45-2 by STN Atlas Elektronik, was selected to cope with difficult navigational conditions and to meet with the highest safety standards, since the vessel will be sailing worldwide. The integrated bridge system includes STN Atlas Multipilot, capable of displaying the radar images, electronic sea chart and actual course of the vessel on a single display unit. The radar mast is equipped with three STN Atlas radar antennae. The cruise liner has two controllable pitch propellers, three bowthrusters, one sternthruster and two rudders, all operated by a joystick. The installed stabilizers are capable of reducing the rolling motion by 90 percent at a speed of 19 knots.
The ship is propelled by four non-reversible, four-stroke MAN B&W L58/64 engines, each with an output of 2 x 11,925 kW and 2 x 7,950 kW at 428 rpm. Each pair of engines transmits its power via a gearbox to a propeller shaft.
The heavy fuel oil operated diesel engines are resiliently mounted and arranged according to the "father and son" principle, whereby one big and one small engine each work via a double reduction gear on a propeller shaft. Each gearbox is additionally provided with a power take-off for a 4,200 kW shaft generator for electric power supply during the voyage.
The engines are connected to the gearbox via flexible Vulkan-Rato couplings. The two Renk-Tacke gearboxes reduce the engine speed from 428 rpm to 127.6 rpm. The output is transmitted to the four-bladed Lips variable pitch propeller plants via a hollow shaft.
For electric power supply, four auxiliary diesel generator sets of MAN B&W type 6L40/54 were installed. Each main engine has two integrated lubricating oil pumps, Boll + Kirch automatic filters, and Westfalia separators. The propulsion plant of the Oriana is referred to by experts as a "hybrid system." The vessel's waste handling system takes environmental regulations into account; for example, the galleys and pantries have integrated food waste pulpers connected to a discharge tank via a piping system, which brings food waste automatically to the incinerator, consistent with the standards of the U.S. Department of Public Health. Dry waste is centrally located, reduced in hydraulically operated shredders, bunkered in silos and injected into incinerators.
Alternatively, glass and tins can be sorted, shredded, compressed and led to a recycling process ashore. According to MARPOL V standards, residues from the incinerators can be discharged overboard or disposed of ashore.
Oriana combines advanced technology with the comfort and style of traditional ocean liners.