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Wednesday, January 24, 2018

Vessel Demolition News

Vessel Oversupply to Continue in Chemical Shipping

Graph: Drewry Shipping Consultants Limited

Chemical shipping vessel supply on major routes has been in surplus with many newbuilding deliveries and swing tankers flooding the market. As a result, freight rates on long-haul routes will continue to be challenged by surplus large vessels over the next two years, according to the latest edition of the Chemical Forecaster, published by global shipping consultancy Drewry. Time charter rates weakened in 2016, especially for larger tankers, and freight rates on major long-haul routes dropped.

Demand, Bunker Pricing Spurs Asia Dry Bulk-Capesize Rates

File Image: a bulk carrier underway (Credit: BSM)

Owners asking $1 per tonne more on Australia-China rates; Panamax rates climb to two-month high, but remain under pressure. Freight rates for large capesize dry cargo ships on key Asian routes could continue to firm next week on higher cargo volumes and bunker prices, while upbeat shipowner sentiment will also support the market, ship brokers said. "The market is pushing up a little bit. Owners' ideas though are even higher - they are indicating about $1 per tonne more on rates from eastern Australia," a Shanghai-based capesize ship broker said on Thursday.

Bangladesh at Front of Shipbreaking Activity

Graph: Clarkson Research Services

There has been a firm level of ship demolition activity in the first four months of 2015 and the two largest owner regions, Asia/Pacific and Europe account for 88% of the tonnage sold for recycling, according to the latest review of shipbreaking trend by Clarkson Research. Whilst the Indian Sub-Continent remains the main demolition destination, recent activity has seen Bangladeshi breakers take the lead. This month, by Clarkson Research take a closer look at the country trends behind global demolition.

Containership Scrapping Maintains Record Pace

File photo: IMO

Containership demolition has reached an all time high, providing a positive surprise for the struggling container shipping sector. “The demolition activity in the last three months’ surprised BIMCO positively and it exceeded our initial expectation based on the appalling 2015 demolition activity,” said BIMCO’s Chief shipping analyst Peter Sand. “It is important that the demolition of excess capacity comes sooner rather than later, as there is still a huge delivery schedule hanging over the container shipping industry for the rest of this year and well into 2017-2018,” Sand said.

‘Vintage’ Converted VLOCs Still Profitable -BIMCO

(Image: BIMCO, Clarksons)

With an average age of 23.8 years, the fleet of very large ore carriers (VLOC) converted from very large crude carriers (VLCC) is vintage compared to the average age of 5.7 years for non-converted ore carriers above 200,000 DWT, according to BIMCO. But despite the huge 18.1 years age gap between converted VLOCs and normal VLOCs, the age itself is not the all-important explanatory factor behind a demolition decision. Naturally safety is a paramount issue, but also the fact that the vessels are still employed on a contract.

BIMCO: BDI Conducts the Demolition Activity

Courtesy BIMCO  Clarksons

The Baltic Dry Index (BDI) ’s positive effect on capacity being removed from the fleet did not continue into Q2 2016, as capesize demolition came to a halt. The BDI went from “devastating” in February to “poor” in April with the highest total demolished DWT ever experienced in the dry bulk market. Unfortunately, BIMCO’s earlier claim was realised when demolition activity slowed down as the BDI improved. Chief Shipping Analyst Peter Sand comments, “With BDI hitting an all-time low in February 2016, the dry bulk market saw a quarterly record volume of demolished ships in the wake of it.

Crude Oil Tanker Demolition Bucking the Trend -BIMCO

© katiekk2 / Adobe Stock

Four very large crude carriers (VLCC) have been sold for demolition since October 2016, matching the number of VLCCs sold for demolition in the preceding two years, according to BIMCO. Most recently the 1999-built double-hull VLCC with the framing name Good News returned $15.5 million to the ship owner, as demolition prices have reached levels not seen since first half of 2015 ($400 per ltd). “January struck an upbeat tone for demolition in all sectors, but the overall pace of fleet renewal, via demolition, has slowed down since then,” said BIMCO’s Chief Shipping Analyst Peter Sand.

Ship Grounded on Welsh Coast – Removal Decided

The operation to remove the remaining 24,000 litres of fuel oil, along with oily water and other hazardous materials from the grounded vessel ‘Carrier’ has been completed. The vessel, which ran aground on 4 April near Llanddulas in North Wales, remains aground and is resting against concrete dolosse blocks on the beach close to the North Wales Expressway (A55). The owners of the vessel have declared it a Constructive Total Loss. PGC Demolition, the same company who were awarded the contract to remove the fuel oil from the vessel, were also awarded the contract to remove the wreck of the vessel. Their proposals to cut the vessel up on site and remove it for recycling have been approved by the Deputy to the Secretary of State’s Representative for Maritime Salvage and Intervention…

Fleet Growth Squeezes Crude Oil Tanker Market

© Evren Kalinbacak / Adobe Stock

From January 2014 - October 2016 the crude oil tanker segment composing of VLCC, suexmax and aframax ships, had a net-fleet growth of 7.3 percent, which is equal to 24.3 million (m) DWT. The VLCC segment, with 20.7m DWT or a net fleet growth rate of 11 percent took the lion’s share, followed by the suezmax segment with 4.4m DWT or 5.5 percent. Whereas the aframax segment decreased by -0.8m DWT or 1 percent, in relation to the fleet size of the specific ship segment. The Baltic and International Maritime Council’s (BIMCO) Chief Shipping Analyst Peter Sand said…

Ship Breaking Activity Grows Slowly but Steadily -BIMCO

Source: BIMCO, Clarksons

Global ship demolition activity rose by 16 percent in the first nine months of 2016 in comparison to the same period of 2015, showcasing shipping industry action to counter the imbalance between supply and demand in the market, according to BIMCO. However, diminishing demolition activity from March through July was bad for the recovery of the market. But could the recent increase in August and September be seen as a mild sign of hope? From a broader perspective, a total of 36.2 million DWT was demolished in the first nine months of 2016…

Chinese, Greek Ship Owners Accounted for 40% of Global Recycling

Graph: Clarkson Research

According to Clarkson Research Services, the record pace of fleet growth over the last decade and weakening global demand outlook has left many of the major shipping segments facing severe oversupply. Demolition of older ships is one way of easing overcapacity and recycling volumes have been strong in recent years. The top ten owner countries typically account for the majority of recycling with Chinese and Greek owners leading the way. Last year a total of 860 ships of a combined 23m GT were reported sold for demolition. This is equivalent to 2% of the start year fleet.

Busiest Capesize Demolition Market Ever

Peter Sand, Chief Shipping Analyst, BIMCO

The activity on the demolition market is off to a good start in 2015 when looking at dry bulk tonnage, according to international shipping association Baltic and International Maritime Council (BIMCO). The dry bulk market has long suffered from weak freight rates stemming from falling demand and an oversupply of ships. However, despite worsening freight market conditions, the demolition of dry bulk tonnage has not been adapting fully to this trend as could be expected, at least until now.

Cargo Ship Stranded on Welsh Coast to be Broken Up

MV Carrier: Photo credit Reederei Erwin Strahlmann

The MV Carrier will be cut into manageable sections on the shore at Llanddulas, near Colwyn Bay, and sent to a scrap yard by road, according to a BBC news report. The owners confirmed contractors will start the demolition once they remove the ship's 24,000 litres of fuel. The work is expected to take six weeks. Seven Polish crew had to rescued when the vessel ran aground last Tuesday. Two lifeboats and Royal Navy and RAF helicopters were involved in the rescue during the night-time rescue in heavy seas.

Crude Carriers Corp. Q4 Report & Divident

· Reported fourth quarter net profit of $2.4 million or $0.15 per share (‘EPS’). · Earned average Time Charter Equivalent (‘TCE’) of $26,575 per day for the two Very Large Crude Carriers (‘VLCCs’) and $23,826 per day for the three Suezmaxes in the Company’s fleet. Crude Carriers Corp. (NYSE: CRU) reported its financial results and declared a cash dividend of $0.30 per share for the fourth quarter of 2010 payable on March 2, 2011 to shareholders of record on February 23, 2011. The Company’s net profit for the quarter was $2.4 million or $0.15 per share, principally as a result of the commercial operations of our vessels that earned above the TD 3 and TD 5 indices that prevailed in the  crude tanker market during the fourth quarter of 2010…

Youngest Containership Sold for Scrap

landmark boxship scrap sale Image courtesy Vessel Values

Today in the containership industry a landmark deal has occurred with the youngest ever containership sent for demolition by Rickmers Marine Trust. The vessel was a seven year old panamax boxship (4250 TEU, 2009 Blt, Built China). She is valued just above scrap at USD 5.87m. In 2016 the vessel fell 62% in value. This year the average change in value in the containership sector is -26% to put this figure in perspective. The main reason for this is that these vessels are becoming defunct now that the Panama Canal has been widened.

Ship Scrapping Up 5% In 2Q

Tanker scrapping shot up while the disposal of bulk carriers diminished as the total deadweight tonnage of ships sold for demolition rose by five percent in the second quarter of this year from the first quarter. Approximately 7.7 million dwt of ships were scrapped in the second quarter, up from nearly 7.4 million in the first. Tanker scrapping in the second quarter increased by 27.5 percent to 3.7 million dwt although the number of vessels stayed the same at 29. Dry bulk carrier sales for demolition fell by 13 percent to 92 vessels of 3.4 million dwt from a previous 104 of 3.96 million dwt.

GLDD Reports Dredging Profitable in 2012, Demolition Not So

Great Lakes Dredge & Dock Corp reporte financial results for the final quarter and year ended December 31, 2012. ◦    The above increases were partially offset by decreases in demolition revenue (52%) and coastal protection (previously referred to as beach nourishment) revenue (27%). Significant work was done in the demolition segment in 2012 on projects where revenue was not recognized because of pending change orders. In addition, demolition revenue was higher in 2011 due to the revenue recorded on a large bridge demolition project in Louisiana that did not reoccur in 2012. Coastal protection revenue was atypically high in 2011. ◦    This was partially offset by an increase in revenue in the dredging segment, specifically higher margin capital projects.

Drewry: Tonnage Keeps on Coming

Drewry Maritime Research’s latest edition of its Dry Bulk Forecaster pulls no punches in its assessment of a market that looks certain to continue hitting dry bulk shipowners hard. Tonnage supply hit a massive 605 million dwt at the end of 2011, an increase of 15.2%, which is even more impressive considering 19 million dwt was removed in the same period. With rates suffering under current market conditions Drewry’s forecast for the fleet hitting 684 million dwt by the end of 2012 and 765 million dwt by the end of 2016 signals daunting prospects for the future. The near future will play heavily on supply-side fundamentals, as ships continue to hit the water at a very fast pace.

Record Bulk Shipping Demolition Rates in 1H15

Graph: BIMCO

Monthly demolition rates in the dry bulk shipping sector averaged 3.3 million DWT for 1H15, according to new figures from BIMCO, compared to 1.3 million DWT last year. This included a record 5.36 million DWT in April – the highest on record for a single month. The dry bulk shipping market has been at rock bottom since February with the Baltic Dry Index staying below 600 from 2 February to 13 May – its lowest levels ever. But with the high rates of demolition and an expected increase in demand through the 2H15, market conditions are expected to improve.

BIMCO: Containership Scrapping Heats Up

(Source: BIMCO)

demolition of containerships almost tripled in the first five months of 2016 in comparison to the same period of 2015. This illustrates the efforts carried out by shipowners to counter the fundamental imbalance between supply and demand under poor container shipping market conditions. However, more needs to be done to lift the charter market. The demolition of capacity in the panamax segment (3-5,999 TEUs), since the start of January 2016 till the year to date, has been especially significant.

Containership Scrapping Gathers Momentum

Graph: Drewry Maritime Research

After a slow start scrapping of containerships gathered momentum towards the end of 2015 and has continued into 2016, says Drewry Maritime Research. A record intake of newbuild containershps (1.7 million teu) in 2015 coincided with an unusually low scrapping total, serving to widen the supply and demand gap that is assisting the erosion of carrier profits. The amount of scrapping halved in 2015 with only about 195,000 teu worth of capacity removed from the world’s cellular fleet…

GLDD Q2 2013 Results: Demolition Segment Strategy for Review

Great Lakes Dredge & Dock Corporation (GLDD) the largest provider of dredging services in the United States and a major provider of commercial and industrial demolition and remediation services, report financial results for the 3 and 6 months ended June 30, 2013. Jonathan Berger, Chief Executive Officer stated, “For the three months ended June 30, 2013, Great Lakes reported Revenue of $152.9 million, a Net Loss of $25.2 million and Adjusted EBITDA of $11.0 million. Included in the Net Loss is a $21.5 million noncash charge for goodwill impairment related to the demolition segment. “Our dredging segment won $346 million or 62% of the domestic bid market through the first six months of 2013.

Capsize Scrapping: It's Complicated!

Graph: ALIBRA Shipping

Last year saw an upswing in Capesize spot rates during the first seven months of the year, peaking in early August, rallying briefly in September and declining for the rest of the year, says ALIBRA Shipping  in its Weekly Market Report. This would seem to correspond with scrapping activity – owners sold many capes for demolition during the first half of the year but stopped scrapping as rates rebounded – which ultimately killed the market again. Since 2016 began, some 64 Capesize bulk carriers have been sold for demolition, compared to 66 during the same period last year – almost identical.

Maritime Reporter Magazine Cover Dec 2017 - The Great Ships of 2017

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