Shipbrokers Simpson, Spence and Young's Pacific Capesize Index rose 76 points in the week ending Monday to 5,060. "The index rose back above the psychological 5,000 barrier despite a relatively quiet week," SS&Y said. "Japanese steel production was down on last month's highs but still remains a force to be reckoned with and South Africa is drawing tonnage away from the Pacific, giving further cause for optimism amongst owners." Meanwhile, its Atlantic Capesize Index rose 18 points in the week ending Monday to 5,162. "Few new cargo stems came to the market over the last week but one cannot discount the steady tone of the rates despite this," SS&Y said. "With indications that demand will remain firm, there is cause for optimism amongst owners that the coming weeks will see a rise in rates."