Marine Link
Saturday, May 8, 2021

Atlas Copco Compressors Provide Air Power for RRS Sir David Attenborough

Maritime Activity Reports, Inc.

May 4, 2021

Atlas Copco's supply contract included training and commissioning, and all Atlas Copco equipment is suitable for 690V/3Ph/60Hz, or 220V/1Ph/60Hz electrical supplies used onboard the vessel. The compressor and air receivers were subject to inspection and certification by Lloyds Register of Shipping. (Photo: Atlas Copco)

Atlas Copco's supply contract included training and commissioning, and all Atlas Copco equipment is suitable for 690V/3Ph/60Hz, or 220V/1Ph/60Hz electrical supplies used onboard the vessel. The compressor and air receivers were subject to inspection and certification by Lloyds Register of Shipping. (Photo: Atlas Copco)

One of the world's most advanced polar research vessels is equipped with Atlas Copco marine-duty compressors.

The RRS Sir David Attenborough, commissioned by Natural Environment Research Council (NERC), built by Cammell Laird and operated by British Antarctic Survey, is a research platform engineered to transform how shipborne science is conducted in the Polar Regions. Its commissioning is part of a significant government polar infrastructure investment program designed to keep Britain at the forefront of world-leading research in Antarctica and the Arctic. This £200 million commitment represents the U.K. Government’s most substantial investment in polar science since the 1980s.

As an integral part of shipboard operations in the engine room or deck site environments, the marine compressors needed to be specifically designed for the harsh conditions such as the RRS Sir David Attenborough will experience while operating in mid-ocean or sea ice, days or weeks away from temperate landfall and servicing facilities.

Within the practical constraints of minimum power consumption and restricted installation space, Cammell Laird had to ensure that the performance and build quality of the compressed air system could meet its criteria for reliability, energy efficiency, stability, safety, and regulatory compliance.

In addition to the overall requirement for a reliable and robust supply of compressed air for the many routine general air applications on the vessel, it was equally essential that high quality, clean dry air was available as instrument air for the vital bridge instruments. This was to ensure their accurate performance in monitoring and in driving engine control systems. Equally vital, there was a further demand for precision in the supply of high-quality air for the onboard scientific experiments and measurement operations that would be carried out.

This full spectrum of compressed air duties was met from Atlas Copco’s MAS range of marine compressors, technically advanced solutions that are fully optimized for shipborne use. The MAS family of 5-90 kW oil-injected screw marine compressors, derived from its premium GA range of stationary industrial units, sets the standard in marine compressed air production, combining low cost of ownership with reliable, energy-efficient performance.

Atlas Copco’s successful response to Cammell Laird’s compressed air equipment tender saw the installation of two central compressor systems. For general service and scientific air applications, two MAS+ 55VSD water-cooled rotary screw compressors and accompanying FD 285 refrigerant dryers, together with filtration, air receivers and electronic drains, were installed. At the same time, the requirement for high quality, clean, dry, 7-8 bar instrument air and a supply of scientific air was met by a MAS15VSD air-cooled unit with ancillaries comprising an FD60 refrigerant dryer, 250-liter receiver, filtration and drain units.

(Photo: Atlas Copco)

Energy-efficient, low-noise operation
The energy cost-saving benefits of VSD technology in compressor design are already well known. However, the MAS+ 55 VSD compressors, as selected for the RSS Sir David Attenborough, go even further, offering on average 20% lower Specific Energy Requirement (SER) and average 50% less energy consumption compared to a regular MAS VSD model. On top of energy savings, there is a Free Air Delivery (FAD) increase of up to 12%.

A further contribution to energy-efficiency is derived from the MAS compressors’ controller. The Elektronikon unit controls the compressor with feedback from the integrated converter to ensure maximum efficiency and complete protection of the compressor system. The controller features voltage-free contacts for alarms and read-out, and remote control is a standard feature. Furthermore, all pressure and temperature measurements can be monitored via the MAS units’ Elektronikon, controller graphic display.

Low-noise operation too was an important factor for Cammell Laird. The MAS compressors onboard the RRS Sir David Attenborough are enclosed in a canopy, bringing their noise levels down by 14dB(A) to 69dB(A)—an additional boon for the research vessel, which was designed and built as a low-noise vessel in accordance with DNV codes ‘R’ and ‘S’.

Compact dimensions and accessibility
The dimensions of the compressor units were also a critical feature in favor of installing Atlas Copco marine compressors. With engine room space always at a premium, marine users’ best option is to match the required performance to equipment offering the smallest footprint. The MAS compressors’ compact dimensions and unique vertical configuration offered the smallest footprint on the market not only for economical space usage but, during initial installation, allowed easy access through standard ship-sized doors.

For the same reason, air connections and ancillaries such as condensate drains are located at one side of each unit to allow maximum proximity to bulkheads and to provide ready access for routine maintenance procedures.

With stability at sea an equally important consideration, the MAS compressors’ component configuration has been designed to provide a low center of gravity that minimizes equipment stress even in severe running conditions.

Safety and regulatory compliance
The onboard compressors and air receivers are subject to inspection and certification by Lloyd’s Register of Shipping. The Atlas Copco compressor concept complies fully with the Lloyd’s Register Rules and Regulations of operating conditions for main and auxiliary machinery—essential to the propulsion and safety of the ship.

The compressor equipment’s construction also complies with the Green Passport regulations and guidelines which identify the hazardous materials onboard a ship, including quantities and locations. It is an essential part of the IMO’s task of promoting the safety of workers on ships and while reducing the environmental pollution generated by seagoing vessels.

Worldwide marine service support
Service support for the installation is provided in a seamless transition from inception and commissioning to full-time operational duties across the world. Atlas Copco's global presence means that consultation, engineering and design can be carried out in the U.K. while servicing, spare parts supply, training and technical support can be supplied locally wherever it is required.

Commenting on the project, Raymond Smith, business development manager at Atlas Copco, said, "Although our compressors are designed for the longest possible service intervals, we have to ensure service coverage is available where and when ship owners and operators need it. That’s why we operate an extensive service offering in most harbors in more than 100 countries around the world."

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